Scientific Creationism and Error
Copyright © 1986 by Robert Schadewald
Reprinted from Creation/Evolution (v. 6, n. 1, pp. 1-9)
with permission from the author.

 

â а 鿡 ٸ. ٸ Ƹ ׵ Ǽ ϴ µ ̴.

ſ, ּ Ģδ, Ѵ. âڵ βԵ Ʈ ϸ, ̰ ׵ âڵ ü 鿡 ִ. â 켱Ǵ ׸ ߿ 濡 ̸ ŵ 2 ͵̴. ̷ â ü ׵鸸 Ư Ѵ.

κ âڵ ġ ڵ . ׵鿡 ̸, ׵鿡 ظ Ʋ ̴. ̷ Ǽ ߾ ϰ, ߴ Ͽ ظ ϰ ȴ. ׵ ᰡ Ǽ ߴٸ ̰ ؼ ȴ. ׵ ڵ 뼺 ǽ ϴ ͺٴ ׵ Ӿ Ѿ ϴ ̴. ̷ ü迡  ʿϰ Ǽ Ѵٸ ̰ ݿ̸ 赵 ̴.

̷ϰԵ âڵ 鿡 Ǽ Ѵ. ׺ī ҵ ׺ī ̻ (peccary) ߾µ װ âڵ 忡 ϴ ̰ . Ʈٿ ǵ ̴. â ڵ Ǽ η ó Ѵ. ߿ ̷ Ǽ ߰ Ǿ а迡 ߸ Ǿٴ ̴. ̿ʹ ݴ âڵ ڽŵ Ǽ 巯 . ׸ ٸ Ǽ 巯 װ ġ ϱ⵵ Ѵ.

⽬, Ŭп ڻ ܹ ȭ̸, ICR μ ״ â߿ ˷ 뺯̴. âп 150ȸ ̳ õ ³ ׶̴. ⽬ âڵ鿡Լ ڷμ, ׸ ġ ʴ μ ޴´. âڰ ƴ 鿡Լ ״ ̸, Ǽ Ǽ ϱ⸦ Ű Ⱦϴ ̴. ̰Ϳ "ΰ ܹ ̾߱" Ҹ ̴.

1983 7 ̱ PBS (Public Broadcasting System) 1ð ¥ âп α׷ ߴ. ͺ ѻ ȭ Ѹ ܹ ħġ ܹ 缺 ؼ ߴ. 쿡 ħ ܹ ϸ, ٸ ܹ 쿡 ƹ̳ ٸٴ ̾. ̰ ο ٴ ûѴٰ ߴ. ⽬ Źߴ. ״ Ʒ ߴ.

츮  ܹ Ѵٸ, ׸ ǽϴ. ׷Ƿ ΰ ٸ  ͺ ħ 谡 ֽϴ. ̿ʹ ޸.  ܹ ϸ ħ ٴ ȲҰ Ҵٴ Դϴ. ٸ ܹ ´ٸ ħٴ Ƹ Դϴ.

̷ ܹ  . ׷ ȭڵ鿡 Ҵ. ׵鵵 𸥴ٰ ߴ. ⽬ ̰ ޹ħϴ ؼ . ó õƴ. ° ״ Ŭ Ͻ ĿƼ (Garniss Curtis) ſ ߴ. ĿƼ ״ ߴ.

ĿƼ Ʈ ȸǿ Ͽ ȲҰ ܹ ܹ ſ ϴٴ ̾߱⸦ ٴ ̴. ĿƼ ̰ ϱ ؼ ȲҰ ̶ ߾, ״ Ȯε ̶ ߾. ׷ ܹ ؼ ķ  ״ и ǾҴ. ׷ ⽬ ĿƼ ̰ ̾߱ϴ ̴.

ȲҰ 'documentation' (⽬ θ ) Դ âڶ ϴ ȴ. ׸ ⽬ Ƹ ܹ ̾߱ ߴ. ̿ ݴ Ѹ ڻ װ TV ̹ ܹ  ڹħߴ. ٽ ⽬ Ἥ ̿ Ȱ ϴ İ ߴ. ״ ʾҴ. ״ ؼ ׵ڷε ʾҴ.

ͽ 1983 ̳׼Ÿ âȸ ߴ. 츮 ű⼭ ɺ (â л å (SOR)) ̾߱⸦ . ׷ٰ 츮 ׿ ܹ ̾߱⸦ ߰ 츮 ⽬ ۿ ٰ ߴ. ⽬ ؼ Ȯ Ͽ. ״ 츮 츮 츮 Ἥ ϸ ״ װ SOR Ź Origins Resaerch ưڴٰ ߴ.

⽬ ȸ ׿ âڵ ִ ܹ ؼ ߴ. ⽬ ̾߱⸦ Ϸ ϰ ָϰ Ϸ ȣߴ. Ѹ è ܹ ؼ ߴ. ׷ܹ Ѵٸ ⽬ и ׷ ִ. ⽬ ܹ Ѵٰ شٰ ߴ. ǽ ׿ ߴ. " ? ?" ״ شٰ ߴ. ׷κ 2⿡ 2 ̰ 귶 ͸ ߰ پٴ .

ȸ ʵǼ, ͽ Origins Research Ƿ ´µ ű⿡ ܹ ̾߱⿡ ؼ ڼ ϸ鼭 ߴ. "츮 ⽬ ۿ ߴٰ Ѵ" 츮 纻 ⽬Ե ´. (׸ SOR ٸ 鵵) ⽬ ϸ鼭 ϰ ޶ . ̰ ICR (Ƹ ⽬ ڽ ̴) SOR з ؼ 츮 ǵ ʰ Ϸ ߴ. ⽬ʹ ޸ ɺ Ű ̾. 1984 Origins Research ǷȰ ⽬ ̿ 亯 Ǹ ʾҴ.

1984 -(Bible-Science Association, BSA)ȸ Ŭ귣忡 ȴµ ٽ ͽ Բ ߴ. ⼭ ⽬ Ƹ ȲҰ ܹ data ûߴ. ̹ ⽬ ܹ Ͻ Ŀ𽺿  ϴĿ ޷ȴٰ ߴ.

⽬ 1985 2 18 ɶ Ǿ. ״ ö ʸ ŰĿ ̳׼Ÿ п ̾. ĥ ⽬ ´ٴ лŹ ؼ Ǿ. ŰĴ ʱ⿡ ܹ ؼ ߴ. ׸ 鼭 ״ ⽬ ݷ ִ ƴϸ װ ʴ´ٴ ϶ ߴ. ⽬ , ׷ ʾҴ. δ ûߵ ϴ "ȲҰ!"ϴ Ҹ ߴܵǾ ߴ.

׳ ȱ⽬ 200 ִ лȸ Ȧ ߴ. ð , ι, Committees of Correspondence on Evolution , Ͼ. ι״ ڵ Ǽ ϴµ ⽬ Ȥ Ǽ °? Ǽ ߴٸ װ Ƹ ȲҰ ܹ ƴϾڴ°? Ҿ. ؼ ⽬ ָ ߴ.

״ ڽ Ǽ ϴµ ٸ âڵ ߸ ݼ Ǵ ȭ ҿ ̵ ڹ ϴ ˾ ̷ ߸ װ å ̰ ϴ ȭ ؾ߸ Ѵٰ Ǿ ״ Ҽҿ ̵ ʴ ٴ ˰ å ߴٰ ߴ.

ȲҰ ؼ, ⽬ Ͻ ĿƼ ̷ . Ƹ Ŀ𽺴 Ʋ ̴. Ƹ ܹ ؼ ⽬ Ƹ ̼ӿ ϰ ȭ 𸣴 Դ ſ ȥ ߴ. ̰ ŰĿ ߴ Ͱ ̾. 뿡 ö󰡼 ޶ ٽѹ ûߴ. ̰ Ʋ ̿  ͽ ݴ뿡 亯ϴ Ͱ ̾. ̰ , Ÿ缺, ׸ ɼ ؼ ٷ ̴. ٸ ݼ ؼ ˾ƺ.

⽬ ݼ ؼ ڼ λ  ϴ Ȧ ߴ. 1978 ʿ ư Bill Thwaites Frank Awbrey ȭ ҿ ̵ ׵ л տ װ ʾҴ. ⽬ å ߴ 𸥴. ״ Ʋ ķε Ͽ. ⿣ 1980 1 17 ̿ Ͽ ִ Grace College ͽ ߴٰ Ѵ.

Ƹ ܹ ؼ : 3ϵ 3̳ ħ ΰ Ƹ ܹ ؼ ˷޶ 䱸޾Ҵ. ״ 3 ̼ӿ 亯ߴ. ű κ ̼ ̰ Ƹ ħ ̼ ϸ Ƹ ̼ 130 ƹ̳߿ 51 ٸٴ ƹ ̴. ȭа (Ȥ ) 𸣴 ̸ ġ 亯 ó ̰ ȴ. ⽬ Ƹ ̼ӿ () û ̱⿡ Ī ߴ.

̿ ũ ׶󺣴 ̰Ϳ Ӿ ׶󺣴 ⽬ Ƹ ̼ ħ ͺ ٰ ߴٰ ߸ Ͽ. ⽬ ϸ鼭 ڸ ߴ. ׸ ߸ ׶ ڽ ſ ó ߴ. ׷ Ƹ ̼ ڵ ̷ ߴٸ û âڵ̾ ׶ʹ ޶ ̴.

⽬ ʴ Ƹ ܹ źϴ ICR Ư¡̴.  𸮽 ⽬ ٷ Ϳ å ' â ' ǥߴ. 𸮽 ܹ ǿ ؼ ѸƲ(״ ѸƲ̶ ߴ) ؼ ϰ ϰ ⽬Դ ƹ ǵ ʾ ⽬ ߸ ̰ PBS ߴ.

׷ ⽬ óϰ ƴ. âڵ ϰ ܹ ؼ Origin Research. 1985 ȣ Ͻ ͱ׳ʴ ۸ ⽬ ȲҰ ܹ ó ߸ ߴ. ׸ ״ ⽬ ִ ´ٰ ߴ. ͱ׳ ̷ ߾ ó ⽬ ɺ . ⽬ ۸ Ͻ ĿƼÿ ȥߴ . ״ ٽ ڽ (Ƹ Ŀ)԰ Ƿ ״ ̰ ߴٰ ߴ. 忡 ⽬ ״ ´ٰ ߰ ͱ׳ʴ 翬 װ ּ Ǵ ߴ ̴. ׷ ⽬ ƹ͵ ʾҴ. ̳ ƹ͵. Ƹ ܹ ؼ 츮 ⽬ ִٴ ̴.

Ͽ ؼ ڸ, ⽬ ó Ƹ ȲҰ ܹ ̾߱Ⱑ Ӽ̰ ƴϸ û Ǽ̰ ʴ´. ̹ PBS 4 Ǿ. ⽬ Ƹ ܹ öȸ ʾ װ ʾҴ. (翬 ̼ Ӽ , ׳ װ͵ 2̳ 2 ) ࿡ ĿƼ ̾߱Ⱑ װ ƴ ħ ܹ οٸ  װ 1983 - ȸ شٰ ־? ⽬ θ û Źٿ ڽ Ű Ϻ âڵ鵵 װ ൿ̶ ϰ ִ.

⽬ ߸ ϴ Ϳ ؼ ϰ źϴ â Ư¡ δ. ķð ڱ . ȭƮް 𸮽 1961 Ŭ۵ ִ ڱ â ȫ (Genesis Flood) Ŀ âڵ ߿ ؿԴ. ' ڱ'̶ ȭ DZ ȸ ڱ̶ϸ鼭 ־. ICR ̰ ڹ ߴ. ׸ ICR  𸮽 Ƶ 𸮽 ̰Ϳ ߼ ⵵ ߴ. ׷ ķ âڵ .

Glen Kuban 1980 ķ ķ ڱ ϰ ִ. 1982 ķð ⺻ Ǵ ڱ(ȭ Ϸ Ͽ Ϸ ڱ̶ ) ϴ Ͽ. ڱ ä ˷ش. 캸, ̰Ž 3߱ ڱ ׸ ִ. ٸ ڱ δ.

Ϸ Ǿ, ׷ Ƶ "׸ ȭ" ϰ ִ. Ϸ ٽ 湮ؼ ڽ ŷ ߴ. Ϸ ޾Ƽ ȸ̴ ' ڱ' ȸߴ. ״ ȭ 䱸ϴ 鿡 Ǿ ִ 2 з ۿ ڱ ߴ. ̷ ൿ âڵ鿡Լ ʰ 3 ʾҴ. 3 (1) ° ߴٴ ̸ (2) Ϸ ʾҴٴ Ͱ (3) ׵ڷ ʸ 䱸 鿡 ִ ʸ ̻ ԼҼ Ǿٰ ߴ.

𸮽 湮϶ ߴ. ȭ ڱ 𸮽 "Tracking Those Incredible Dinosaurs and the People Who Knew Them"̶ ڱ ߿ ̵Ǿ. ״ 1986 Impact "The Paluxy River Mystery" .

𸮽 ߿ ݰ âڰ ƴ 鿡Լ ̷ٴ Ȯϰ ǥ ʾҴ. ״ John Cole, Steven Schafersman, Laurie Godfrey, ׸ Ronnie Hastings (collectively, "Raiders of the Lost Tracks") ߴµ ׵ "âڵ ŵ ϰ, ϰ ܰߴٰ ߴ. ϸ鼭 װ ̷ ȭ ߰ߴٰ Ͽ. ׷  ڵ 𸮽 ؼ ο Ÿ ٽ ϴµ ̳ ɸ ̴. 𸮽 ǥ ְ Ǿ. ׸ ״ Ѵٰ ϸ鼭 ̸ ˸ ʾҴ.

̰ ΰ ƴϴ. 𸮽 Ÿ ִٴ Ͻø ָ鼭 ȴ. װ "âڵ ķ ڷḦ âп ݴ ŷ ϱ⿣ ʴ" ״ ̹ ȸ ִ ߸ å ȸ Ϳ ƹ ʾҴ.

1986 Act & Facts 3ȣ ̸ (Ƹ  𸮽) 𸮽 µ ؼ ȣߴ. 𸮽 ٸ Ǵ 𸥴ٴ κп ؼ, ڰ "Following Up on the Paluxy Mystery" Ű ߰ߵǰ , ó ߰ߵ ͵ ĺ ϴٰ ߴ. ۷ ̰ ʱ ִٴ 𸮽 ׸ ʾҴ. Ӹ ƴ϶ ó ڱ ؼ âڵ " ؼ̾ Ӹ ƴ϶ ״÷δ ؼ̾ٶ ȭڵ ķ Ʈ ϸ鼭 ų ⸸ ߴٰ ߴ.

ķ ڱ ؼ ִ ٸ âб '- (BSA)'̴. ޴ - (Paul Bartz) ' ڱ'ϰ ׵鿡 ݴڵ ߴ. ' ڱ' ȸ - ͸ Ҵ. ƹ . BSA ̳׾ ΰ ִ. ׵ ӿTwin Cities Creation-Science Association ſ Ȱ̴. TCCSA ÿ ؼ BSA ϳ Ҵ. ƹ . Bill Overn ̶ BSA field director ǵ ־. Ѵ޵ ׵ ħ .

1986 3 - Ϳ "BSA Issues Statement on the Paluxy Footprints." ÷ Ƿȴ. ̰ Ư ̾µ ʾҰ ٸ 𸮽 Impact 縸 Ǿ. 𸮽 ǿ οߴ.

츮 ڼ ٲ . ׷ ڵ 츮 ϼǰ ȭ ٶ ִ. BSA ̷ ڷ Ӹ ƴ϶ ٸ ߰ ڷ ã ִ.

 ۷ ̴. ' ڱ' ߸ ˾Ƴ ̴. - Ͱ ʾƼ ݿ ؼ BSA ߾İ . ״ ʾҴٰߴ. ׷ " ϼǰ ȭ " ؼ ƴ 𸣰 BSA ־? ؼ BSA ۰ 忡 Ʈ ְ ִ.

츮 ڵ鿡 ķ ڱ ֱ ǹ ķ ô뿡 ߴ Ű ѹ̶ ־ ٴ ϰ Ѵ.

ϰ ڵ鿡 ġ ǹ ؼ, ̾Ƴ ߾ٴ Ű ־ ٴ Ѵ. ̷ Ļ ̰ ׷Ƿ ؼ â ؾ ϴ ˷ִ Ѵ.

BSA BSAڽ ķ ڱ ؼ ߴ 3 ؼ 亯 ʾҴ.

1. BSA ׵ ' ڱ'̶ ʸ ߴ. ׷ ڵ鿡 ̰ ڱ ι ȸ󿵵 ʴ´ٴ ʾҴ.

2. BSA Carl Baugh װ ϴ ڱ ؼ Ī Ƴ ʾҴ. âڵ ڱ ŭ̳ ǽɽٴ Ǿ. BSA ׵ Baugh ؼ ̳ ǽ ߴٰ ϸ, ̻ ׸ - Ϳ Ī ʴ´ٰ ߴ. ׷ Baugh ׷ Īϴٰ ڱ µ ڵ鿡Դ ˷ ʾҴ.

3. BSA ݱ Caldwal Print Ŵ ΰ ڱ̶ ؼ ̰ ¥ ϸ鼭 ̰ θ ˷ ̰ ˷̴ cast ȾҴ. غ Ӹ ƴ϶ âڵ鵵 ֱٿ ̰ ǰ̶ Ѵ. BSA ̰Ϳ ؼ ƹ ʾҰ ̰ ǹ ̻ Ǹŵ ʴ´ٴ Ͱ ʾҴ.

ּ ̰͵ BSA ׻ ׷ Ӽ̴. ݱ ܽ ̴. - ʹ ᱹ "׸ ȭ" ൿ ϰ, ׵ Caldwell Print Ǹ ؾ ̴. ׷ ׵ Carl Baugh ߰߿ ؼ ߸ ˸ ̳ ͸ װ Ϲ п ڰ̶ ˸ ̴.

̷ ο θ, ICR 10⵵ Ѱ ߸ ġ ʰ ϴ ̻ ϳ . âڵ 忡 ؼ ݷ Ϸ ϴ ׵鿡 õ̳ ߸ ؼ ؾ ϴ ̴. ׸ ƹ ׵ ߸ Ǽ ٽ Ÿ 츮 Ҹ ׻ - ۿ ٽ Ȱ ȴ.

â ȹ̰ ȸ ƴϴ. ׷ ұϰ μ â ο ؼ 򰡸 ̴. ̷ Ͽ Ϲ âڵ Ǽ ؼ ħϰų, Ӽ ų , ϰ Ѵٰ ̴. ̷ ִٰ ϴ ׵ ƹ 뺯 ̴. ׵ ̷ µ ؼ ݴѴٴ ʰ ħѴٸ װ ϴ ̴.

 

NOTES

1. Kevin Wirth, personal communication.

2. Schadewald, Robert J. "The Gospel of Creation: The Book of Misinformation," Minnesota Daily, v. 86, n. 112 (February 14, 1985), p. 7.

3. Weber, Christopher Gregory, "The Bombardier Beetle Myth Exploded," Creation/Evolution, n. 3 (Winter 1981).

4. Awbrey, Frank T. and William M. Thwaites, "A Closer Look at Some Biochemical Data that 'Support' Creation," Creation/Evolution, n. 7 (Winter 1982), p. 15.

5. Gish, Duane T., "Creationism Misassailed," Cedar Rapids Gazette, 8/14/85.

6. Morris, Henry M., History of Modern Creationism (San Diego, Master Book Publishers, 1984), p. 316.

7. Letter, Duane T. Gish to Kevin Wirth, 2/27/84.

8. Glen Kuban, personal communication.

9. Glen Kuban, personal communication.