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Robert Todd Carroll

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dowsing (a.k.a. water witching), ٿ¡

( : Ϲ 츮 ã ˷ ֱ ã , ٿ¡ ã⺸ٴ ξ ũ, 긮Ÿī ׳ ٿ¡ ɴϴ.)

ã  ( ̵ ٿ, Ȥ Ʊ) ε, , Ȥ ٸ ġ -̰ ã ε, ã , Ȥ doodlebug (Ư ã ) - ̿ؼ Ͽ ִ ̳, ݼ, ̳, , Ҿ , Ȥ ã Ѵ.  ã ˷ ̳ Ģ Ǵ ڿ ʱ (divination) ȴ. Ʊ Ʈ ü ãƳ.

Map dowsers ַ ڸ ̿ؼ , , , ִ ˾Ƴ. и ̷ Ʊ ׵ ڸ ̴µ ϴ ƴ ̴. ٸ Ʊ ߿ܿ ׵ ( : ) . Ʊ · ϼ ɾٴϴ ߿ Ʊ̴.  ƴٴϴٰ ó , Ⱑ Ʒ ϰ ȴ ( L-ε带 ٴϸ ̰ ϰ ȴ.). ε尡 ̴ پ ̷ õǾ. ڱ Ǵ ٸ ̾ , ESP ׸ ٸ ڿ ־. κ ȸڵ ī(1852) ޾Ƶδ. ε尡 ̴ Ҽ ̶ īʹ "Ҽ ȿ(ideomotor action, -ȿ)" Ͽ.

ã ۿϴ°?

ε尡 ̴° ̰ ִ ãⰡ ´° ̴. и ׷ٰ ϰ ִ. ã ٸ õ ֺ ־. ̱ Ʊ ȸ ִ. õ ٿ ׵ ϰ ִ. ڵ ãⰡ ´´ٴ Ÿ Ͽ Դ. и ִ . Ȥ ׷ δ. ׷ ڷ ڼ 캸, Ŷ ͵ ϴ ̻ ã⸦ ϴ Ŵ .

ã⸦ ϴ Ϲ Ʊ װ Ѻ ȭ ٰŷ ϰ ִ. Ŵ ܼϴ: Ʊ ׵ ã ã ׵ ̷ ſ Ѵٶ ̴. Ű ʿѰ? ã⸦ ϰ ϴ ã´ٴ Ʊ ڵ ã , , , ã Ͱ ΰ 谡 ִٰ ϰ ȴ. ̷ ΰ (post hoc) ϸ ڿ ϴ 鿡Դ ſ ϰ ߰ߵȴ. ̰ ̰ ȿ ̴.

ڱ⸸ ؼ ׻ Ǹ ← ϰ ̷̰ ΰ 忡 ٰ Ȯ 迡 ؾ, ̳ ؼ ȴ.   Ʊ Ʒ "Scheunen" ؼ Ʊ  ãµ 쿬 ʴٴ ְ ִ. ׵ ã⿡ Ⱓ ̾ٴ Ŷ Ѵ. Ʊ ϰ ϸ, Ϲ ׵ ȴ. ̷ ӽ Ʊ п Ͼ ̴. ׵ Ͽ ִ ִ 80% Ȯ ִٸ ׵ 1 ޾ ̴. ( 1鸸ҷ ö󰬴.)  ڸ پ ؼ ãµ ſ ٰ̾ ߾ ұϰ Ʊ ߴ. " , Ʊ ٸ ã ƴ϶ ̴. ߰ߵ ִ 𿡼 칰 ij ߰ ̴." ƿ Ϻδ Ͽ Դ. "Scheunen" Ȥ "Barn" experiment Ҹ ̴. 1987 1988⿡ ó 갣 ڿ ؼ 500 Ʊ縦 1 ̻ ߸ ǽõǾ.(Scheune is the German word for barn.) ڵ ׵ " ã " ߴٰ ߴ. Scripps Institute of Oceanography Jim Enright ڷ غ " ã " 쿬 ȴ. ſ Ϻθ ҰѴ.

, Scheunen 迡 ã . ε ̿ . Ʊ û 500 43 ׵ ؽ ؼ ̵ Ǹ ̾. ׷ ̵ Ҽ λ ް Ǿ. ãⰡ οԼ ʴ´ٴ ̴. ׵ ٸ ɷ ٸ Ʊ ʾҴ.

Barn study ü ſ ̷Ӵ. ̰ 1992 ڿ ȸڵ ǽ ٸ ٸ ó δ. Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften (GWUP) [ʰ ȸ] κ Ʊ 30 ؼ 3ϰ ߴ. ũƮ ʿ ִ Kassel Ǿ ؼ TV 濵Ǿ. 50cm Ʒ ɾ ؼ ٷ ϴ ϴ ŭ 귯 ֵ ־. ǥ鿡 ִ ְ ִ ׾ Ҵ. ׷Ƿ Ʊ ؾ ؼ 帣 ִ ƴ ϱ⸸ ϸ Ǵ ̴. Ʊ ׽Ʈ̸ ڽŵ 100% ٰ ߴ. ׷ 쿬 ۿ ʾҴ. (Randi, 1995). ƿ ؼ ȣϴ ƶ ʰ Barn Study ã⿡ ؼ Ÿ ߴٰ ϰ ִ.

ٸ

ã⿡ ٸ ŵ ο Deutsche Gesellschaft f? Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) [the German Society for Technical Co-operation] ؼ ־. ׵ ã ã 80% Ǹ åִ 鿡 ϸ ̰ Ϲ ؼ ̷ ̶ Ͽ.   ѽ-׸ ſ ̷ο " ã : 10Ⱓ Ʈ ( "Water Dowsing in Arid Regions: Report on a Ten-Year German Government Project,") Journal of Scientific Exploration 1995⿡ Ƿȴ.( 1989 ο Ʊ E-rays ִ° ׽Ʈ ؼ å ̱⵵ ϴ.) 10Ⱓ ī, ̷, ɳ, ̺, , ׸ ٸ 󿡼 2000 Ѵ ϰ ִ. Ư λ ī ü 691 ߿ 96% ŵ ̴. " δ 30-50% ̴.", " ʿ Ʊ ̿ ִ ؼ ׸ ִ ؼ 10-20% ȿ Ȯϰ ߾ٴ ̴. 츮 ɽ ̷ 踦 ϸ, ׵ и Ƽ 츦 ξ پѴ δ." ߴ.

׵ 쿬 ü dz ׸ Ư¡ Ʊ ̿ ʾҴ. ״ "  ΰ" ʾҴ. ƴ̳ 带 ڱ ȭѼ ڱ ̹ ȭ ߴ. װ ϱ⿣ Ʊ ̷ ⸦ ſ ΰ ¿ Ե ϴ ̴. " ̴. ̰ ׷ ̴.... 츮 ãⰡ ´´ٴ װ  ׸ ׷ ˰ ϴ." Ͽ.

п ణ Ÿ ִ. κ Ͷ ̸ Ʊ翡 κ̴. Ʊ縦 ߴ, Ȥ װ  ǿ ã⸦ ߴ ˷ ʾҴ. ̸ װ (hydrogeology) ˰ ִ ˷ ʾҴ. Դٰ, Ʊ ̹ ڱ ⿡ ſ ΰϴٴ ڷḦ ٰŷ ƴ Ͱ. ¶ų ׽Ʈ ʾ ׷  ׽Ʈ ؾ 𸣰ڴ. ٵ "ڱ " ִ ġ ؾ ̴.

ٸ Ʊ翡 ׽Ʈ 쿡 Ʊ Ʊ簡 ƴ 쿬 ִ ̻ ʾҴ. (Vogt and Hyman; Hyman; Enright 1995, 1996; Randi 1995). и ƴϴ. ڷ ã ɷ¿ ְ ̴. κ ŵ ãⰡ Ϳ ؼ Ͱ װ ãҴٴ Ϳ  Ѵ. 쿬 Ȥ ̰Ͱ ϰų ٰ ϰ ִ. Ϻ 96% Ÿ ̷ ġ ٴ ̴. ׷, ̰ ãⰡ ִٴ ϴ ƴϴ. ° ϰ ˾Ƴ´ٰ, ̳ ° ƴ϶ ã ˾ҳ´ٰ ʹ ̸.

 赵 غ ʰ ãⰡ ȿ ִٰ ־ , ̼ ̶ ڷ ãⰡ ϴ ̶ Ȯϴٰ ̴. ׷ ãⰡ Ȯ ̶ ϱ ؼ װ "׽Ʈ" θ Ѵ. ù ° test ̴. 븣 ̷ 2 ã ߴ. Ʊ簡 ͼ ڱ ľϴ ƴ϶ 󸶳 ľϰ ִ ִٰ ߴ. ¶ų ̰ 󸶳 λ ã⸦ ϴ ƴϴ.

° ׽Ʈ Ʊ 󸶳 ִ ִٰ ܾѴ. ״ ã⸦ ,  ϰų ϴ ϱ⿡  ϴٴ ̴. ׷ ״ 忡 ؼ Ÿ ʾҴ. ¶ų, ׽Ʈ Ͱ ٽ ϶ , װ Դ. ̹ װ ̾ ˷ ̾. װ Ʊ簡 ϱ ư Ǿٰ Ѵ. ׷ ٽ ̰ ƿ ׽Ʈ ƴϴ.

° ׽Ʈ Ʊ ڿ £ ̴. ؼ 츮 ߿ ˷ ʾҴ. ׵ 14 ߰ ׵ ģ Ŀ,   Ʊ 7 ߴ. ( ׵ ڵ 14 ʾҴ Ǿ ʴ.) д 100 ´ٸ ̰ ߴ. ڵ 3 Ʊ 6 ߴ. и Ʊ ̰. ׷, ׽Ʈ ã⿡ ؼ ͵ ϴ ƴϴ. ׷ ұϰ 츣 Ͱ ӽ 繫 ε帮  ڿ ִ ؼ Ϸ ʴ 𸣰ڴ. װ ϴ´ ɷ ִٸ ״ ſ ڰ Ǿ ɾ ̴.

ſ Ʈ . Ʈ ׷ 츣 Ϳ Barn study ڿ ܿ ݺ ʴ´. ״ Ʊ翡 ִ ߸ ϴ ̴. ׸ Ʊ鿡 ϰ ƾ ϸ, 10Ⱓ Ʈ ʾҴ ּ ؾߵ ̴.

õ ׸ : divination, feng shui, geomancy and ley lines.


б ڷ

reader comments

 

Enright, J. T. "Dowsers Lost in a Barn." Naturwissenschaften, 83(6):275-277, 6/1996.

Enright, J. T. "Water Dowsing: the Scheunen Experiments," Naturwissenschaften, 82(8):360-369, 8/1995.

Feder, Kenneth L. Frauds, Mysteries and Myths, 3rd ed. (Mountain View, California: Mayfield Publishing Co., 1998).

Gardner, Martin. Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science (New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1957), ch. 9.

Hyman, Ray.. "Dowsing," in The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal edited by Gordon Stein (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1996) pp. 222-233.

Randi, James. An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural (N.Y.: St. Martin's Press, 1995).

Randi, James. Flim-Flam! (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books,1982), especially chapters 10 and 13.

Vogt, Evon and Ray Hyman. Water Witching U.S.A. 2nd ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 11/21/98

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