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Robert Todd Carroll

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dreams,

dali.jpg (4322 bytes) ߿ Ͼ Ȱ̴. κ ȱ(REM) õǾ Ͼ. ׷Ƿ Ϲ REM-sleep߿ Ͼٰ . 20-25%̸ Ʊ⿡ 50% Ѵ. 񷽼⿡ Ͼµ ̰ NREM-sleep ⿡ Ͼٰ Ѵ.

ϴ ð Ű Ȱ ܰ ȣ EEG(electroencephalograph) ؼ ķ Ÿ. EEG Ӹ Ǻ ǥ鿡 ̿ؼ Ȱ Ͽ ϴ ̴. ܰ Ͼ 90 ð ܰ谡 ٽ 1ܰ REM  ȴ. ̷ ܰ ð ݺ Ǹ REM ȴ. 쿡 REM 5п 45б ̸ Ǹ 4,5 ְ ȴ. ׷ Ÿ ȭǾ ΰ ̶ Ű ֱ⵵ ϴ. 1

REM- ´ Ű ſ Ȱ ̴.  ¿ Ǹ Ÿ ʰ (Ÿ) 3 Hz ĵ̴. ⿡ Ĵ 60-70 Hz ĵ Ÿ 5質 ȣ ߻Ѵ. , ɹڵ, ȣ REM⿡ ִ. ̷ ¸ Ų ܺ ڱ и , ̰ų Ȥ ̸ܺ 񹰸 ̴. ʻ Ȥ ڿ ̶ и ̱ ״ δ. , ָ ̳ ª ð ٳ , ̴ , ϵ ̻ϰ Ⱬؼ ڿ 䱸ϰ Ǵ Ͱ , ޿ 信 ̴. ϴ ()̸ κ (brain stem) κ ݻۿ ⰰ ϹǷ ȭ Ű ڱ ο ̶ ϰ ȴ.

ó ŵκ ޽ ϴ . ׷ ʽɸ, ð ŸƮ ٸ üŻ ʻ ֶ ο Ǵ ޽, ں  ϴ ̶ ϰ ִ. ŵ ȭ . ״ ̸ (״ Miss Z ҷ.) ߿ ׳ ü ִ ɷ ٰ Ѵ. ״ ׳డ " ῡ 㿡  õ ӹٰ ٽ ῡ " ϴ ׳ฦ UC Davis ǿ Ȯ غôٰ Ѵ. ٸ ɸڵ Miss Z ¿ Ȥ ׳ ̵ 𸥴. ״ ӾҴ. ״ ݿ ڸ ΰ Miss Z EEG 踦 ῡ 鵵 ߴ. ׳ ڸ ù ĥ㿡 и 濡 ٳٰ ߴ. 4° Ǽ ׳ ڸ ˾Ƹ ־. ȸڵ Tart ̾߱⸦ °ų Ȥ ڰ ڵ ̴ ˾Ƴµ 4 ɷȴٰ ϰ ִ. ̷ 忡 Ȥ Ϸ õ з ̴. ٸ ٴ ȿ ڷĽø ޾Ƶ ִ ׵ ٴ ߿ ʴɷ ִٴ Ÿ ãµ ߴ. ɸ Montague Ullman ʽɸ Charles Honorton 1970 ʹݿ Ŭ ִ Maimonides Hospital 迡 迡 ʴɷ ־ ̴ ̾ ᱹ 쿬ٰ̾ ȴ. (Baker).

ŸƮ ʽɸڵ ° ٸ  Ա ϰ ׵ ̰Ϳ ߿ ŵ ¿ ٸ Ÿ Ķ ϰ ִ2. ׵ Ķ ǽ ¸ Ÿ altered state of consciousness Ѵ. ǽ (state of consciousness) Ÿ ƴ϶ ǽ ¸ Ÿ. Դٰ Ĵ ǽ ° ƴ϶ Ȱ ִ ̴. - Ȱ ſ ̷Ӵ. - Ȱ ſ ̷Ӵ. 츮 ȯ Ӹ ƴ϶ ̷ ȯ ẕ́⵵ ϴ. 츮 κ δ ü ̰, ൿϰų Ȥ ൿ ϴ ó ȴ.   츮 ߿ ʰ Ͽ ϰų ٸ ġ ش. 츮 κ ߿ Ǵ ̴. ׷ Ϻ Ȱ ϰų Ȥ ̷ ʾƼ ְ ܼ ü ̰ ȴ. ̷ ߿ ݷϰ ̰ų Ͽ ׵ ڽŵ̳ ٸ 鿡 ִ. ׷ ߿ ׵ ü ƴ϶ ħ븦 ͻ̴.

Ȱ ٸ ̷ο ٴ ̴. ̴. ̰ ʻ ƴϰ ڿ ͵ ƴϰ ϰ ڵǾ ̴. ڷḦ ڵϴ Ϳ Ѵ. ڵ ϴ ϴ ̰ ̰ Ϻ 迡 Ѵ. strong emotional component ִ ̷ 躸 κп ߵǴµ ̰ ð е ٸ emotional components DZ ̴. Ű ̰͵ Ѵ. 츮 ÿ  ϴ ִ. ׷Ƿ 츮 Ϸ ʴ´ٸ ȴ.  ٴٰ Ͼ Ͽ ǵ Ѵ. ٸ ãҴ. װ (association) ̿ϴ ̿ϴ ޿ ̴ ̴. ϱذ Ѱܼ Դٸ "ϱذ " ִ. ׸ ٽ ν ϰ ̴.

޿ ⹦ 츮 κ ٴ 츮 ̰ ̶ ڰ Ѵٴ ̴. ߿ PET ĵ غ REM-⿡  prefrontal cortex(ο) Ȱ ſ پ Ȯ ִ. ̰ Ƹ ܰԿ ؼ ̴.

ο պκп ġϰ ൿ ȹ ڰ ɷ ִ κ̴. Ȱ ϰ ν ޼ӿ Ͼ Ұϰų Ȥ ̻ ǵ ƴ϶ ϰ ȴ. ̰ ٸ鼭 ð perception ְǴ , ׵ ¸ ݿ ϴ , 鼭 ؾ  ش3.

Ϻ ڵ ο Ȱ ȸ Ÿٰ οϰ ִ4. ο ָ ο ִ Ȱ κ̴. ڰ (Lucid Dreaming) 쿡 ٸ鼭 ڽ ̶ ˰ Ǵµ Ϻ ο Ȱ ʾұ Ͼ ִ. ׷ κ ʽɸڵ . ׵ 뿡 ̰ ʻ ̳ ڿ 巯ٰ ϰ ִ.

̰ų Ȥ ٸ gateway ϰ ϴ ߿ ̴.  и ſ ̻ δ.  ̷ ϴ δ. ߿ ̷ ǿ شѴٸ ̰ η ſ Ŀٶ ູ ̸ 츮 װͿ ī ãµ ← ̴. , ׷ ߰ߵ ʾҴ. δٴ ޿ ſ ̴. 𿡰 ( 20Ⱓ Ҵ ) Ⱑ պκ ϸ鼭 ߶ϴ پ. 10 ŵ𿡰 Ⱑ ߶ߴ. ÷ ִ ΰ? ƴϸ Ⱑ ߶ߴٸ ̰ ÷ ִٴ Ű ִ°? ׷ ʴ´.

ʽɸڵ鵵 Ϻ ް Ͼ ̿ 쿬 ġ ִٰ ׵ 쿬 ġδ ϱ⿡ ̴ ʹ ٰ ϰ ִ.  쿬 ġ ٴ ͵ ̴. κ ׷ ص ִ ͵ Ͼ ä ̰ ܼ ̴. κ 쿬 Ͼ δ. ̷ ū Ģ̳ ȿ, ׸  ۿϴ ؼ ϴ 鿡Դ ſ λ ̴. 100 ϳ ̶ Ѵٸ ִ ڿ ٴ (Hines, p. 50 ϸ 250 ִ.) ϸ, 츮 ʸ ó ̴ ٰ ȴ. ڴ ִ , ߿ ʴɷ ϴ ̴ ̵ ƴϴ. Դٰ, ʻ̰ ڿ Ա Ѵٸ ε鵵 ð ̴.   ð Ѵ.5

ܰ谡 Ա ϴ ִ. ׵ Ϻδ ó 츮 ä η̶ ϱ⵵ Ѵ. ׸ ѱ ̳ ߶ϴ äô ͸ ̴ ̴. 츮 ̷ 츮 ġȣ(saber-toothed tigers) ѱų ߱ ̶ ̴. ̷ Ŵ ų . ƴ϶ ° ʿ ൿ ϴ Ͱ Ǽ ȭ ߴؿԱ ̶ ʵ ̴.

-ܰ谡  Ա Ѵٸ Ƹ װ η 屸 ƴ϶ η 屸 Ա ̴. 츮 ִٰ Ѵ. ׷ ٸ ִٱ ٴ õ ̴. ޿ Ǹ ̷̶ ȭ(, confabulations) ڱϴ Ϸ ̴.  ̰ Ƹ پ ϴ ڱϱ ̴. γ ڱϰų confabulateϴ ˷ ʾ  ִ. ʻ̰ ڿ Ȱ ̰ ϴ ͺ δ.

õ 뿡 Ѱ Է ´ٴ ̴. 츮 û() Ű漼 ޵Ǵ ´6. ̰ ϸ ڰ Ǵܷ ش. ٸ Ư   Ѵٴ ̴. REM-⿡ Ȯ ֿ ϴ amygdalas ſ Ȱ7. ̿ õ ̷ " watchdog"̶ ̴(Baker). ( : watchdog  ȭ Ư ̳ Ư ִ Ȯϴ Դϴ.) 츮 ̳ ˷ְ ϴ ī̴. ϸ ̷ ¿ Ÿ Ÿ ʿ䰡 ִ 츮 ̳ η ǥϴ ̶ Ѵ. ̰ ̶, ſ ƴ ̻ ؼϷ õؾ Ѵٴ ڵ Ͱ. ſ ̰ ٴ Ư Ѵ. " ǹ̿ Ȯ ̵ ǹ̸ ˰ ִ ޲ٴ ڽ Ǵ̴"(Baker). ̷ κ ̳ Ʋ Ͼ Ͽ ̸ ٴ Ȱ ׸ Ǯ ݿѴٴ ٰŷ ´. ̷ ؼ ھƸ ߰ϴµ ߿ ִٴ ϽѴ. ֳϸ  ǽ ݿϱ ̴. 츮 θ 巯 ִ ִ.

츮 κ " ޲ٴ " "ҿ " ʴ. 츮 ޿  츮 󸶳 ̳ η ־ 찡 . 츮 ¡ ǹ̰ иؼ ٸ ظ ʾƵ ȴ. ׷, ޵ ſ ̻ϰ ̼̰ ͵̶ 츮 װͿ ǹ̸ ã ȴ. ׷ 츮 ؼϴµ ϴ ãư 츮 ǹ̸ ˾ Ѵ.   ؼ ִٰ ϴ ڽ ϴ ̷ ٸ ؼϴµ ʵ ſ ɽ Ѵ. , ϱذ پ ؼ , Ƴ, ׸ ٰԵ 迡 ؼ ƴ ģ "" ؼ ̴. ޿ پ ؼ ϴٴ ˰ ׵ и ׷ ̴. ׷ Ȯ ؼ ǹ̸ ִ ̴. ̰ ſ ̸ ģô bipolar disorder ( ) ( : bipolar ǹϴ ̸ܾ ̰ ϱ ̴.) ɷȴٴ ִ. ˾Ƴ ִ Ͽ. и Ʈڵ̳ ڵ ޿ ¡ ǹ̸ ãƳ ִٴ ǽ ̷ ؼ . װ ؼ ´ Ʋ ˾Ƴ ִ ׵ ɸ ؼ ϴ ʱ ̴. γ ̷ confabulate ؼ Ű ġ ߴ . γ ߿ Ű ʾƵ ̹ ηƴ.

׷ 󿡴 Ϲ ٴ ϴ 鵵 ִ (Sacks). ڴ ðȿ ݺؼ η ϴ . ڰ信 ϴ ͺ . ̷ ٴ Ǹ ϴ ͻ ƴ϶ ڸ ηϰ ȴ. ׵ ظִ ƴ ġ ʿϰ ȴ. ٴ ޱ ؼ ׵ ڽ ϴ Ѵ. ϴ پ κ ڸ ð̳ û غ ϴ ԵǾ ִ. Ϻ ġ ׵ 뷫 "post traumatic stress disorder" θ ġν Ǹ ġ ־ٰ Ѵ.  ݺ Ǹ lucid dreaming ̸ غϴµ ȴٰ Ѵ. ǽĿ Ա ϴ ʹ  ߴ.

õ ׸ : clairvoyance, lucid dreamingand memory.


б ڷ

reader comments

Alcock, James E. Science and Supernature: a Critical Appraisal of Parapsychology (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1990).

Asserinsky, E. & Kleitman, N. "Regularly occurring periods of ocular motility and concomitant phenomena during sleep," Science, 1953, 118: 361-375.

Baker, Robert. "Prophetic Dreams," in The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal edited by Gordon Stein (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1996) pp. 553-560.

Coren, Stanley. Sleep Thieves: An Eye-Opening Exploration into the Science and Mysteries of Sleep (The Free Press, 1997).

Farady, Ann. The Dream Game (New York: Washington Square Press, Pocket Books, 1985).

Hines, Terence. Pseudoscience and the Paranormal (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1990).

Hobson, J. Allan. The Dreaming Brain; How the Brain Create Both the Sense and the Nonsense of Dreams (Basic Books, 1988).

Sacks, Oliver W. An anthropologist on Mars : seven paradoxical tales (New York : Knopf, 1995).

Schacter, Daniel L. Searching for Memory - the brain, the mind, and the past (New York: Basic Books, 1996).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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