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Robert Todd Carroll

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ectoplasm, ö

ö̶, ̳ ȥ 귯ͼ ȭ , telekinesis ⿡ ̱⵵ Ѵ. ̻ , Ǵδ Ÿ 찡 ִ. Ƹ, κ ī޶ ΰٵ 迡 ΰϱ 𸥴. ׷ , ݻ糪 , ʸ ó , ʴɷڿԼ õǰ ִ پ ο 𸥴٣

19 κ 20 ۿ ģ ȸ ⿡, ö ƴ. ӽ ̷ ʿ Ʈĥ cheesecloth ( " ´ ౹ Ĵ ش뵵 cheesecloth ϱ⵵ Ѵ. ǹ̴ ġ 鶧 curd δ õ ǹϸ õ Ǿִٰ Ѵ. )׸ ٸ ̶ ϰ ִ. ؼ ʴɷڰ Ӽ ִٰ ϰ ִ. , ʴɷ ΰ Ź Ӽ ִٰ . Ϻ ʴɷڵ Ӽ ִ. ̸ ´. ׷ ̷ ̶  ȭ 𸥴. ɼ Ͽ ϸ ѵ .

õ ׸ : automatic writing, channeling, electronic voice phenomenon, medium, ouija board, s?nce, and spiritualism.


б ڷ

Keene, M. Lamar. The Psychic Mafia (Prometheus, 1997).

Randi, James. An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural (N.Y.: St. Martin's Press,1995).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 10/31/98

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