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Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

EMDR ȯڰ ϰ յ¿ ̸ ̴ ġ ̴. ġ ȯ տ 볪 Һ , ȯڵ Һ̳ ⸦ 󰣴. ġ ɸ Francine Shapiro å ϴٰ ߰ ̴. EMDR  ü Ȥ ȿ ִٰ Ǹ ߿ źп Եȴ. ġ θ ̴ post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ġ̴.  EMDR  ؼ ȿ ִ ߴ.  ̰ ħ(⸦ Ǯشٰ ) ϰ ۿѴٰ Ѵ. ȱ  "ó ý" κ Ǯشٴ ̴.  ̰ ʰ ʻ̿ ȿ ȿ ִٰ ϸ, ȿ 籸Ѵٰ Ѵ. Ȥ Ƹ ġ簡 ߵ ȱ ȣ ɸ Ű κ ̰ Ͽ ȿ Ÿٰ ϱ⵵ Ѵ. TV Ͱ ̾(1994 12). TV   ΰ γ ̴ ¦̴ Һ ƴٴϰ ־. Ŀ ̰ õ ߴ. ̰ ΰ ġ ؾ Ѵٰ Ѵ. ̷ ġ Dr. Ann T. Viviano ̰ ״ ٷ EMDR Ʒ ۿѴٰ Ѵ. "ȯڰ ̴ Һ 󰡸 밳 ߿ Ͼ γ ġ Ȱȭ Ų. 뽺 ٽ óǰ 뽺 £ ų ŵȴ. Ӱ ǰ ų ̸ üϰ ȴ." ġ ȰȭǸ鼭 ġᰡ Ǵ ̴.   

EMDR ġ ȿ Ŵ EMDR "ȿ" ִ ߴ. ̷ ޸ ȿ ִٴ Ŵ ϰ ִ. ̰ ַ ȭ ̷ ſ ָ ͵̴. ̰͵ 쿬, öú ȿ, ȯ , posthypnotic suggestion, ׿ ȱ ̿ ٸ ġ ȿ ƴ϶ ȮŽ ؼ Ȯ ͵ ƴϴ. ̸ EMDR ٴ ƴϴ. Dr. Shapiro ׳డ ؼ  οϰ ִ. ڵ ʴǾ ׳ 캸 EMDR PTSD ȸ ֿ ΰ ϰ Ѵ. ֱ , Ŀ ׸ Ŀ The Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Ƿȴ. ̰ PTSD ȯڵ鿡 EMDR " "ȿ ־ٰ ϰ ִ. ̰ ̰ ڿ ġᰡ ƴ϶ ǹִ ŵ ϰ ִ. ׷ ұϰ, 򰡵鿡 EMDR PTSD ȯ ֿ ̶ . ٸ ϰ  ϱ ̷ ǽ ̶ Ѵ. EMDR ׵ ϴ ġῡ ȿ ־ , , ׷, ϴ Ȥ ڻ ڵ鿡 Ǿ ִ. EMDR ̿ϴ ׵ ȯ 籸Ͽ ̻ ʰ ִ. ׷ٰ ص ǹ ´. ȱ  ȯ ġῡ ʼΰ ϴ ̴. , Ƿο ؼ ο ̿ʹ ݴ .

Pitman (1996) ϸ ΰ ִ ܷȯڸ crossover design ̿ؼ м ȯڵ EMDR ǽϴ ׷쿡 ȱ Ű ٸ ʸ ϰų, ε帮⸦ ϰų ⸦ Ͽ ǽϿ. ǿ Ѱ £ ؼ 6 ǽϿ. ׷ Ƿ,, Ȥ Ʈ پ, , ׸ پٰ ȯڵ ߴ.

Ƹ ε帮⸸ ص ȱ ó ȿ ִ . EMDR ѻ ϸ

... ٴ ¿ 鼭 ε帰ٴ Ȥ Ϳ Ҹ 鼭 ְų, Ȥ ȯڵ ϴ ε ȿ ִ. ⼭ ߿ ¿ 鼭 ڱ ִ δ.

Dr. Hume ϸ, Shapiro ġ Reprocessing Therapy θ ȱ  ġῡ ʿ ƴ϶ Ѵ. Ƹ ϴ ġῡ  ӵ ʿ 𸥴. ؼ EMDR ¿ ̴. ׷ ̰ Ƿο ڵ鿡 ؼ EMDR ϱ ؼ õ ޴ ߴ. EMDR American Psychological Association ( ɸ ȸ) ؼ ġ ϰ ִ. ڵ ̿ ̸ EMDR "ܻ Ʈ (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)" ȿ ϰ Ǿ ̿ܿ ", ڿ, , ӵ л, , ׷, , ׸ ˵" ȿ ִٰ Ǿٰ Ѵ. [David Drehmer, Ph.D., Licensed Clinical Psychologist & Director, Performance Enhancement Laboratory, Associate Professor of Management, DePaul University, personal correspondence.] ݱ Dr. Drehmer ؼ ޵ǰ ִ ̶ ַ ڵ ȭ ȭ ؼ̴.   ʿ PTSD ȯڵ ġῡ ؼ ޾Ҵٰ ϴ Ű ƴ϶ ġῡ ־ ȱ ʼ̶ Ϳ ̴. ̷ Ű ȮǾ߸, ȱ ȿ ִ ϴ ̷ ġ ̴. δ 츮  Ͼ Ȯ ( ȱ  籸Ѵٴ ) ؼ ̷ ִ ̴. Ƿ ȴٸ Ƹ װ PTSD ȯڸ ġϴ ̻ ߿ ǹ̰ ̴.

  ȯڸ ſ Ҹ ̿ؼ ǥ EMDR Ƿδ ׳ µ ٲپ. ׳ ȱ  eye movement desensitization processing ʼ ƴ϶ ׳ฦ ϴ ƹ ̵ νŰ ̶ ߴ.

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reader comments

"EMDR Treatment: Less Than Meets the Eye?" by Scott O. Lilienfeld, Skeptical Inquirer, Jan/Feb 1996.

 Lohr JM, Tolin DF, Lilienfeld SO. "Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Implications for behavior therapy," Behavior Therapy 29:126-153, 1998.

Singer, Margaret Thaler and Janja Lalich. Crazy Therapies (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc., 1996). Review 

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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