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Robert Todd Carroll

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ESP (extrasensory perception), ESP, , ʴɷ

, ESP Ҹ, ð̳ û̳ Ͼ. ESP ڷĽ, , . ESP ۿ(telekinesis) ʻ ɷ° ѰϿ psi θµ ̰ ()ϴ ο ؼ ؼ ʽɸ 1 ̻ ļ ü ϰ ִ.

ESP κ ȭ(anecdotal)̸, ȸǷڴ, ̵ ŻƮ(mentalists) Ʈ̳, , retrospective falsification, wishful thinking, Ȯ ū Ģ ν , ӱ , ݵ帮 , ְ , Ǵ ⿡ ٰ ̶ ϰ ִ. Ʒ ʴ ESP ŷ οǴ ̴. ESP ʴɷڰ ƴ϶, ʴɷ° ԵǴ Ư ̰͸ ̻ ͵ . ׸, Ʈ ̳ κ Ͱұ ϴ ESP ִٰ ˷ . ̸ Ƽ̸ ̳ ִ ̱ α׷ ̳ ٷ. ׵ 氡 â Ͽ ޸ , ̳ ִ Ͱ ٴ ˰ Ȯϰ ̷ ൿ ̶ Ѵ. Ʈ ڻ(Dr. Richard Wiseman) Ʃ ̽(Matthew Smith) ڰ Ʒ ʾҴٸ ̷ ̾߱  ǵ ESP ̾߱ Ʈ ԵǾ ̴. λ ڴ ڽŵ ð ð ġŰ, ī޶ Կߴ. ̳ , ᱹ, ϴ ൿ ʾҴٰ ȴ. â ϰ ޷ȴ. Ȯ ׷ ϱ ʹ ϰ 1 Ͱ غ ð ð â ؼ ޸ , ̰͵ 濡 ð 鼭 Ҹ Ŀ Ͼ ൿ̹Ƿ ʷ õ ʾҴ. ESP ޹ħϴ ϳ ʷδ, Ͱ ð ÿ ޷ ̾ ʵ õ ʾҴµ װ ϱ ؼ ƴ϶, ϱ ؼ ̴.

ESP κ, ϰ Ұϰ ̴ ̻ ǵ鿡 ϰ ִ. ׷ 츮 ֿ Ͼ ϴٰ ؼ ȵȴ. Ұ ׿ ʻ (Ǵ ڿ) ʿϴٰ ؼ ȵȴ.  Ұ , ¼ ؾ ִ. ģ ٶ󺸴  پ. ״ 5 ߴ. ʿ ұ? ? װ ױ 5 پٸ, ׶ ʿ ұ? ׷ٸ, ESP ׷ .

ESP κ ƴ, ʽɸڴ ESP Ѵٴ Ͽ ȮϷ ֽԴ. ̷ ӿ ŸƮ(Charles Tart)ó ߴٰ ϱ⵵ , ̴ Ȯ δ. J. (Susan J. Blackmore) , ESP ߰ҷ ̳ , ϰ ִ ʴɷ ݵ ٰ ϴ ִ. ̸ǰ ʽɸ ɸڴ, ʽɸп ⳪ Ǽ, ҿ, ̿ܿ ƹ͵ ٰ ִ. , Ʈ CIA , Ǵ ʻ ( Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research ) ߻⿡ ٷ ESP Ŷ ϴ ִ.

õ ׸ : astral projection, auras, 尡 ̽, clairaudience, clairvoyance, dermo-optical perception, dreams, extraordinary human functions, ganzfeld experiment, mentalist, Raymond Moody, optional starting and stopping, paranormal, ʽɸ, precognition, psi, psi-missing, psychic, psychic photography, psychic surgery, psychokinesis, remote viewing, retrocognition, retrospective falsification, s?nce, shotgunning, Charles Tart, telepathy, and James Van Praagh.


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reader comments (psi)

Alcock, James E. Science and Supernature: a Critical Appraisal of Parapsychology (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1990).

Gardner, Martin. Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science (New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1957), ch. 25.

Gardner, Martin. Science: Good, Bad and Bogus (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1981), chs. 7, 13, 18, 19, 21, 27 and 31.

Gordon, Henry. Extrasensory Deception: Esp, Psychics, Shirley MacLaine, Ghosts, Ufos  (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1987).

Frazier, Kendrick. editor, Science Confronts the Paranormal (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1986).

Hansel, C.E.M. The Search for Psychic Power: ESP and Parapsychology Revisited (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1989).

Hines, Terence. Pseudoscience and the Paranormal (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1990).

Hyman, Ray. The Elusive Quarry : a Scientific Appraisal of Psychical Research (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1989).

Keene, M. Lamar. The Psychic Mafia (Prometheus, 1997).

Randi, James. Flim-Flam! (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books,1982).

Stein, Gordon. editor, The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1996).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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