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Robert Todd Carroll

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Facilitated Communication (FC)

FC is amazing because it has surpassed all other junk science fads, affecting families, schools, universities, the law, and even the arts. --Brian J. Gorman

Facilitated Communication (FC) , , ջ, Ȥ ߽Ű ȯڵ ̳ ȭ ȭ ȭ ϴ ̴. facilitator ȯ , , ո ׳ ÷ ڳ ܾ ׸ 峪 Ű忡 ÷ ´. ȯڴ ׵ ǻ ִµ ׷ ׵ ڳ ܾ ׸ Ѽ ܾ ϰų ǥ ִٰ Ѵ. ׵ facilitator ؼ ʴ ȯڵ ø ϼϰ, ſ س ȭ ϰų Ȥ ܼ ǻ Ѵ. θ ׵ ̵ ü ƴ϶ ̰ų Ȥ ̶̻ ߰ Ϳ ϰ ȴ. FC ׵ ̵ ׵ ϰ Ѵ. ̰ ׵鿡 ڽ ǰ ϴ ϴ ̴. ׷ ׵ ̵ ǻ ϴ ΰ? κ ȸڵ facilitator ̶ ϰ ִ. ̱ɸȸ (American Psychological Association) FC ǰ߼ ߰ߴµ ⼭ " ؼ ݺ Ȯε FC ȯڳ üƵ鿡 ؼ ƴϴ" FC "ȿ ǻ "̶ ߴ.

FC ȣ  ׷ν ؼ ۵Ǿ. ̱ FC ʹ ö ⿡ Facilitated Communication Institute (FCI) п ִ. FC Institute 1992⿡ Ǿ. Ҵ Ӹ ƴ϶ facilitators Ƿ ƷýŰ ġ ̳ ۷ ϰ 谣 ͸ ϰ FC ϴ Ǹϸ ߿ 6 50޷ ǸѴ. (ü Ʈ 250 ޷̴.)

FC ݱ ǻ شٴ Ű ֱ κ FC facilitator 뿡 Ÿ. 迡 FC ȿ ִٴ Ÿ ãƳµ ߴ. FC ϴ ߿ ʴٰų Ȥ Ǹ ־ FC ϴµ ߴٰ Ѵ. Ͽ FCI ϴµ Ը δ ʴ´.

Ż߼ Southboro ִ ȯڸ ױ۷ å̸  Ż߼ Waltham ִ E.K. Shriver  Associate Scientist ׸ ڻ  Otolaryngology ǻ μ ǻ ð Ϲٵ ǰ Otolaryngology  α Howard C. Shane, Ph.D   FC ߴ. FC ġ̰ ڼ PBS 1993 10 19 "Frontline" 濵 ̴. α׷ 1996 12 17 ۵Ǹ鼭 ߰ Խ״. ö п 3 FC Ǽ ȿ ߴٰ ݸ鿡 ٸ 30 ٸ ̿ ݴ̴.

Frontline α׷ facilitators ȯڰ ణ ߱ õ常 ̴ Ȳ ȯڿ facilitators̿ ḭ̆ ִ ׵ Ϲ ߸  ־. Դٰ, FC ȯڴ Ϲ 峪 Ű带 Ͽ facilitators ȯڵ ڸ Ű հ ־. ظ Ǵ ġ ٸ ڸ Ÿϴµ Ǽ Ѵ. (Ű带 Ĵٺ ʰ հ ߿ ¿ ѹ ģٰ .) Facilitator Ű带 Ĵٺ, ȯڵ ׷ ʴ´. ޽ ⺻ ٸ ޽ Ű带 ִ ؼ Ȯϴ.

׷ ұϰ FC ϴ ִ. FC ؼ ׵ ưų ٺ ƴ϶ ˸ ־ ſ ٰ ϴ ȯڵ鿡Լ ̴. ߿ Ϻκ и FC ؼ ̴. FCI и Ƴ ׸ ߽Ű ȯڵ ġѴ. ߽Ű л ˰ ִ. ģ лμ ׵ ٸ 鿡 ؼ ʾҴ. ׵ ǻ ִ 뿪 ̰ ־. Ϲ л ڳ ׸ Ȥ ܼ ĺ ī带 ־. ﷻ ̷ Ƽ ȣŷ Ȥ ũƼ  ͼ Ⱥ̰ų, Ͱ ԰ų, ߽Ű ǰų, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) ɸ ̰ų Ȥ ü Ȥ Ű ٰ ɿ ʴ´ٴ ˰ ִ. ü ڵĸ ڵĸ Ǵ ƴϴ. 츮 ׵ ǻ ؼ ʿϴٴ ͵ ˰ ִ. ׷ ȣŷ̳ facilitator Facilitated Communication ϴ Ͱ Ÿ ִ.

FC ؼ ޾Ҵٴ Ϻδ и ߽Ű ȯڰų ̰ų Ȥ ̾. ׵ facilitator ׵ ϵ ־. ׷ FC ȯ κ и üƵ̰ų Ƶ̴.  Facilitator ȯڵ ƴ϶ ׵ ڽ ϴ δ. ִ Facilitator ׵ ȯڵ ǻŰ ƴ϶ ߰ϰ ޴´ٰ Ѵ. ̷ Ʊ糪 Ȥ Ư ɷ ִٰ ϴ ؼ ϰ ڽ Ư ɷ ʾҴٴ ߰ϰ Ÿ ϴ.

FC ȿ ִٸ Facilitator ȯڸ پ Ͽ غ ˾Ƴ ̶ ̴. ٸ "" Ÿ װ Facilitator Ѵٸ װ facilitator ڽ ǻ Ѵٴ ϽѴ.  ׷ FC ϴ Facilitator ȯڵ ̿ Ư ȮǾ߸ ǻ ȴٰ Ѵ. ׵ θ ϴ ⵿ ȯڵ Ư 踦 ξ facilitator ٴ ſ ִ ̴. FC ۿϱ ؼ ģ ܺ ־ Ѵ. ׸ ģ ܺΰ ׵ ȯڰ ׽Ʈ ϰ Ǹ ׵ Ϲ ׽Ʈ Ѵ. ̰ ׵ ſ Ű īӰ DZ ̶ Ѵ. ̷ ӽù ̴. ̷ ʽɸڵ ſ ̴.

׵ ޽, , , δ facilitator ڽŵ  ̶ ϴ ־ ұϰ FC Institute Ŀ ִ. 迡 ̸ ȣϴ ü ϰ ֱ ̷ ʴ´. FC  Ѱ ִ FC ȿ ִٰ Ȯϰ ִ. ȸڵ  Ű ѷϸ FC κ ̶ Ѵ. 򰡵 FC ġ б 缺 ִٴ ߴ. ,  ȯڵ ׵ θ ٸ 鿡Լ ߴٰ ȣϴ ̴.

Facilitators ׵ ȯڵ 13% ߴٰ . ̷ ǽ ׵ Ͽ ģ. facilitator ߻ ڽ̶ Ѵ. б ̵ ġϵ Ʒõ ̵鿡 ؼ б ν ŵ Ÿ. бӸ ƴ϶ ̵鿡  ̿ Ͻ ̰ų Ȥ ׵ ȯ ɾ ̶ е ŵ ִ. FC ͵ ߰ߵȴ. facilitator ־ٰ ϰ , ü ڵĸ ִ ߴٰ θ ٸ 鿡  å .

FC θ ׵ ڵĸ ִ ̵ ϴ Ϳ ٰŰ ִ.  ϸ (ȯڿ ؼ) Լ ؼ  ִ°? FC Institute ̽ ư Ʒ Ѵ.

 ǿ Facilitator Ǽ , ٸ ְ, ׸ Ǹ ̴ DZ ° FacilitatorԼ ޽ ݺǴ Ȯϴ . ̷ ʴ´ٸ ° Facilitator ȮϿ ֱ  ȴ. ° Faclilitator ޽ κб ġϰ ˾Ƴٸ ȮεǾٰ ޾Ƶ鿩 Ѵ.  (Disclosures of Abuse through Facilitated Communication: Getting and Giving Support," Missy Morton, Facilitated Communication Institute Syracuse University Division of Special Education and Rehabilitation, May 1992.)

Facilitator Ϲ ׵ ȯڵ Ѵٴ Ű ִٰ ص ߴ δϰ ʵ Ǹ ؾ ϴ ´. ׷ κ FC ʿ facilitator ڽ ϸ ߸ ȮŽŰ Ѵٴ ŵ . FC  ִ ָԿ ׵ 󸶳 ϰ ٷ ִ ˷ְ ִ. Ʒ Ms. Morton facilitator鿡 ̴.

Facilitated communication (FC) ó â ʴ. ޽ ª ְ źȣ 츶 ٸ Դ 쵵 ִ. Ȥ ׳డ ϴ ܾ ؼ ǹ̸ ϴ ׻ Ȯ ƴϴ.

޽ ϼ ִ;

 MY FATHER IS F...ING ME - facilitator MY FATHER IS F...ING ME AROUND  ʾҴٸ ̰ ǹ̸ ˾Ҵٰ ִ.

ڳ ܾ л ƴ ִ.

̷ ָ ǻ ٷ ̴. ʿ facilitator, θ ׵ ̵鿡 ؾ ൿ ߴٰ ߸ ϴ  ġ̴. κ facilitator Ѵٸ  ᱹ ̴. Ŀ ְ θ ̷ δ ؼ ̴.


б ڷ

reader comments

Gorman, Brian J. "Facilitated Communication in America: Eight Years and Counting," in Skeptic, vol. 6 no. 3, 1998.

Singer, Margaret Thaler and Janja Lalich. Crazy Therapies (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc., 1996). Review. 

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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