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Robert Todd Carroll

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Paul Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach (1723-1789), Ӹ , Ȧ

Ȧ(Paul Heinrich Dietrich) Ͽ ¾ ޾, Ƽ μ Ȱߴ(״ ð ӹ޾Ҵ). Ȧ , 18 ⸻ 󰡵 Ұ ƴ. ״ ŷ, , п ִ ü ̰, ΰ Ģ ϰ Ǹ. â(ö Ϲ ش ƴϾ, ô κ Ϲ ̴) ƴ϶ ϰ ־.

Ȧϴ , ׸ Ưǿ ݴߴ. ׸ ô ϴ 翬 ̴. ״ ϰ, åǥ ڸ ״忡 ǵƴ. ǰ, ڿ (The System of Nature, 1770 )̴. ŷ Ÿ ª å 1772⿡ "Good (or Common) Sense, or Natural Ideas vs. Supernatural Ideas" ǵǾ.

Ȧϴ ָ ŷڰ ִٴ Ϸ ߴµ ̰ ô Ϲ ؿ ݴǴ ̾. Ȧϸ ϰ ִ , ȼ ǰ ӿ, " ŷ' 𵨿 Ȧϸ ̿ߴ. Ȧϴ,  ̷п ؼ ŷ ̶ ϰ ־. ״ , ϸ鼭 ǹ Ƿʿ ٰϰ ִٰ ϰ ־. , ȸ (social utility) ΰ ٰؾ Ѵٰ ߴ.

ȦϿ Ӹ ǹ, װ ϰ £ ظ ϻ ÿ ̴. ״ ̰, ÿ ȸ ̱⵵ Ͽ.

״ ȥ(souls) (free will) ߰ ִٴ ΰ Ư 簡 ƴ϶ Ͼ. 츮 ڿ Ϻ̰, 츮 ð ٶ ͵, ༺ Ȱ, ΰ Ģ Ͽ ȴٴ ̴. , ״ 踦 ϱ ؼ, ϰ, ȸ ü ź ϱ⵵ ߴ.

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 11/09/98

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