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hypnosis, ָ

1810 Sibly - Key to Physic

ָ ָ ָ õ ̴. ָ鿡 ɸٴ Ϲ (a) , (b) ص ̿, ׸ (c) Ͻð̶ Ư¡ ִ. ָ Ϲ ൿ ȭ ̸ ̰ ̳ غϵ ´. ٸ 뵵 ִ.

ָ 뼺 ̴. ָ , , , پ ȸ ҿ Ͼ.  

  • ָ Ϲ ̳ Ŭ Ѵ. ׵ ָ Ϲ ģ ִ ҿ ʸ Ȥ ð ϴ ̴.
  • ָ Ϲ ָ ִµ ȿ ִٴ ų Ȥ ߵ ִ ȿ ִٰ ̴. ָ Ǵ ٸ б̳ ȸϱ ̴.
  • ʽɸ ָ ǽ()ӿ ִ Ʈ ã Ѵ.
  • , Ϻ ָ ̰ų Ȥ ڵ, ֱ⿡ ڼ κ ϴ ̴. ׵鿡 ָ ɾ ϵ ׵ ݷѴ.

츮ô  ̸ŭ پϰ ִ°? ָ鿡 Ϲ ð ̰ Ʈ ǽ (altered state of consciousness, : ǽ ° 𸣰 Ϻ ̴ ̸ ü Ȩ ϰ ֽϴ. Ϻ Ȩ "ǽ ٸ " Ǿ ġ ָ  ǽ ¶  ߽ϴ.) ̴. ̷ ޾Ƶ̰ ָ б, ΰ, ź , Ǵ ǽ ϴ ̶ ϰ ִ. ָ ǽ · ھƿ ֿ Ʈ Ŀ Թ̶ ɸڵ鿡 ̽ ֵȴ. ָ鿡 ̷ ̽ 2 еǴ ִ. ǽ ̽Ű, Ʈ ̴̽.

ǽĻ¶ ̷ ϴ ָ߿ Ͼٴ οѴ. (1) ° ȭϸ, (2)Ĵ  ǽִ ¿ʹ ٸٴ ̴. ź ̷ ǵ ָ ǽĻ¶ ϴµ ϴٴ ̴. ٸ ϸ̳ Ȥ ä ϴ ¶ θ ִ. ֳϸ, ̷ ȭ , ⸦ Ÿ ư Ȥ ܰ Ƕڿ ִ ȭ ʹ ٸ ̴.

Ʈ ̷ ڵ ׵ ָ߿ ǽ £ Ȥ ȭ Ѵ.

ָ鿡 ݴ ָ鿡 ؼ ˷ ͵ ָ鿡 ɸ ˷. 츮 ϱ ϴ ָ ſ 谡 ũٴ ˰ ִ. ȯ ϴ Ǹ ָ ̶ ˰ ִ. 츮 ȯ Ͻð ſ Ųٴ ˰ ִ. 츮 ָ ϴ ָ鿡 ɸ ʴ´ٴ ˰ ִ. 츮 ָ Ǵ ƴϸ ָ翡 ؼ ʴ´ٴ ˰ ִ. 츮 ָ  Ư ε Ȯ Ű Ѵٴ ˰ ִ. 츮 ָ ſ Ͻÿ ϰ, ̳ Ȥ ָ߿ Ͻÿ ؼ "ä" ˰ ִ. 츮 ָ߿ ȭ (confabulation) ſ ϸ ̱ ֿ ָ߿ ſ ʱ ޾Ƶ ʰ ִ. ָ ָ鿡 ̴.

ָ ǽ ° ƴϰ źǿ Ʈ ǽ Թ ƴ϶, ׷ٸ ΰ? ɸ , Ǵ ̳ Ͽ , ָ鿡 ̷ ź ó Ű°? , ߸ü, ȭ, å, ڷ  ̷ ȭ ȭӿ Ű , ̷ ̽ ϰ, ̷ ͵ ̿ؼ 踦 ϰ, ׵ ߿ Ͼ ȿ Ư ׵ ̶ ִ ȿ ϴ ָ Ѹ ִ. ׵ ׵ ϴ ֱ⵵ ϴ. ιƮ Ŀ(Robert Baker) ɸڵ ̷ ÷( : ̷п , ٴ .)̳ ׸( : νŸ 뼺 ̷ Ŀ ̻ ޾Ƶ鿩 ʴ´.) ϴ ŭ Ÿϴٰ Ѵ. Ŀ 츮 ̶ָ θ δ н ȸൿ ¶ Ѵ.

ָ ָ ׵ ҿ Ǵ° ؼ ǰ, ࿡ ؼ ȭȴ. ָ Ͻø ɰ ָ Ͻÿ Ѵ. ൿ ָ ݺ Ҹ , ε巴 Ǯϴ Ҹ ָ ư濡 Ͱ ڼ Ǵ ڴ ޽Ŀ ͵ ָ źϰ ̰ ϴ ġ Ұϴ. ̷ Ҹ ϰ ͵ , ſ , Ͻð  "psyched-up( غϴ)"̴.

ɸ ݶ ij뽺 (Nicholas Spanos) Ŀ 忡 Ѵ. "ָ ָ , , ؼ ȭŴ ൿ ģ. ̷ ָ Ʈ ¿ ϰ ǽ ϴ Ͱ ƹ . ij뽺 , ָ н ൿ̸, ȸ(sociocognitive) İ迡 ܳ Ǵ ̴.  츮 ̷ پ ؼ ̷ ִ. ų, å аų, Ʒ ްų, Ǵ ڽſ ο ġų Ȥ ݷ ų Ȥ ݷ ϰų, ο ϰų Ȥ ܼ  Ư ǥ ϱ ؼ 游 ϴ ̷ ͵̴. ؼ, ̶ָ Ҹ ǽ Ư¡ ¶ ϱ ٴ ȸ (social conformity, :̳ ȸ Թ . ȸ Թ ع ġ ޾Ƶ̱ ׻ ȸ Թ ϴ ƴϸ ׷ ϴ ϱ ൿ ְ Ȥ ׷ ִ.) ൿ ϳ̴. ָ ָ ָ ׸ Ǵ ׳డ ָ鿡 ൿ ̶ Ϳ ൿϴ ̴. ָ ൿ ָ(׸/Ǵ ) , ָ, ׸ ָ ϴ ȿ  ൿؾ ϴ ؼ ߴ Ϳ ൿϴ ̴.

ij뽺 ָ 19 ޽Ӹ̶ Ҹ Ѵ. Ե, ״ ָ Ǹ () ҽ ⵵ Ѵ. ̰͵ ȸ(sociocognitive) ֺ ִ. ̷ ϴ ҿ ൿ нǴ ̰ ȸ(social settings)ӿ ȭȴ. ̰ ָ ֺ ڰ 󸶳 ϴ° ޷ ִ. ȸ ϰ Ѵٸ,  ൿ , , Ǵ ȸ ü ׸ ϰ ް ȴ.

ٸ ɸ, (E.M. Thornton) ָ, ޽Ӹ, ׸ ҽ 缺 ȮŲ. ״ ָ ⺻ 䳻 ϵ 䱸޴´ٴ ϰ ִ. Ϻ ָ Ȥ ޽ Ǵ ͽſ 鸰 ó ̸, ̰ ͽſ 鸰 ȸ ֺȯ, ġ ġ ȭ 谡 õǾ ֱ ̴. ߽ Ǵ ణ ٸ ǽ , ڱ, Ǵ Ǹ ħ ֵ ̵ Ǵ Ư¡Ǵ ϰ Ѵ. ׷ 캸, ָ, ޽Ӹ, ׸, ׸ Ǹ ڱ ߽ ġ, , ڵ ְ ٸ 䱸 ɷ , Ͻð Ǹ, ϰų Ȥ ȯ ϴ  ȸ ϰ ִ.

ָ ź ϴ ̰ б, κ ɸ Ǵ ܳٴ ̴. ȯڵ ̷ ϱ ؼ, ǽ ߸ ϰ Ʈ츶 (Ϲ ġ  ̶ ϴ) ; Ѵ. ָ ̷ ġ ϴ ̴. ֳϸ, ׵ ָ ǽİ ǻ ְ Ѵٰ ϰ ֱ ̴. ׷ 巯 "" Ͻÿ ȭ(confabulation) ؼ ¥ ̶ . ̷ ġ ¿ ϴ  Ǵ° ſ ʴ´[Schacter].

ū ִ Ϲ װ Ѵ. ɰ ִ (a) ִ Ͼ ǽ Ҿ ǰų, (b) ִ Ȥ ջ ϰų, (c) £ ʿ Ű ⿣ ʹ  ̴. ź Ͻǿ Ǵ ƴ϶, κ ϴ Ű濬 Ʈ ȴ. Ҿ Ű غθ Ͻǿ Ǿٰ, ǽ ִ ó ϴ ƴϴ.

ٴϿ ʹ Ű ſ ϴٰ Ѵ. п ؼ  Ư ٴ ŵ̴. ״ 濡 Ͼ ϴ ʸ ϰ ִ. ""̳ ""̶ ܾ ׳ Ƣ´. ׸׳ װ  Ͼ , ׳ Ͼ ȸϸ  ũ 並 ߴ. [Searching for memory, p. 232 ].  ڴ , ׳డ ̰ Ѵٰ ̴. ָ б 巯 ̴. ׷, ָ Ȥ ̷ ϴ ٸ ٰŰ Ӹ ƴ϶ ϱ⵵ ϴ. Ͻ (implicit memory) ڰ ϴ , ִ Ǵÿ Ű Ͼ 츮⿡ ϱ ̸, ҿ ׳డ ǽĿ ߰ų Ȥ ׳డ ǽĿ ߴٴ ʰ ȴ. Ͻ ˷ ʰ ˷ ִ. ؼ, į 鵵 ǽ̶ ź ϴµ Ǿ Ѵ.

Դٰ, ִ еȴٰ ص, װ ǽ ׸ ǵ Ͼ δ. 츮 ӿ ; ̷ ַ ϰ ִ. 츮 Ϻ ָ糪 ġ 츮 ؾ ٽ  ʴ´. ϸ, ѵ Ǵ ̻ ƴ϶ Ű ̴. 츮 ؾ ͵ 츮 ʿ ϰ ȣȭ (encoding) ʾұ ̰ų Ǵ Ű濬 ıǰų Ȥ 츮 װ ϱ ߱ ̴.

ǽ Ʈ Ҷ ̷ ζ Ҹ Ʈ ϰԵ ġῡ ָ ϴ ߴ. ׷, ָ ġ о߿ ſ پϰ ̰ , ̵ ΰ ƴϴ. ָ ̿ؼ ݿ ̾Ʈ ϵ ϴ ̰, ص Ƹ ش ̴. ָ ̿ؼ ˿ õ ڵ ȣ ȣ ϵ ̸, ϴ ذǴ ƴϴ. ָ ̿ؼ ڳ ڿ Ͼ° ϵ ſ , ̶ ָ鿡 ɸ ָ Ͻÿ ؼ ֱ ̰ ſ ִ. ġ ָ ɿ ſ ˿ Ȯ ׵ ˰ ִٴ ׵ Ȯ ÷  ִ. ָ ־ ִ. ֳϸ û( : ֻ縦 ϰ Ѵٴ û, û ŵ ü Ƿ ġµ Ǿ. Ư ΰ û ΰ ִ ſ ū ȴ.), Ž, ׸ Ÿ ִ ̰ ϴ ̴.

ָ ̿ؼ׵鿡 ģô̳ ༱ ܰ ؼ ߴٴ ȸϵ ſ ϸ, , 񵵴̰ ̴. ʿ ָ ȯڵ鿡 ϶ ᱹ Ͼ ʾ ϰ ߴ. ̷ 뽺 ƴϾٸ, ׵ ɵ ̴. ׷ Ű Űν ġ ׵鿡 ִ 鿡 ȸ ظ ־. ׸ ׵ ġ ϰų Ȥ Ǹ ѾƳ ó ̵ ڵ ó, ̷ ġ ̶ ̸ ϰ ִ.

Ѱ ϰ ؾ ָ ָ ̿ ʰ ׵ ȯڵ鿡 Ͻð ִ. ο ָ ָ簡 ָ ϴ ϴ ɰ ġ ִ. Ѱ ذϷ ġ (, ̻Ŀ, ΰ, Ǵ borderline personality disorders  ࿡ ؼ ߵȴٰ ϴ ) ָ ϰų Ȥ ʾƵ, ȯڵ鿡 ̿ ߽ų ִ. Ͻ ָ Ͱ ʿ ʴ. ̷ Ϻ 鿡 Ÿ缺 ο ̴.

ָ簡 θ ִ ٸ оߴ ̴. ̰ ϴ 鿡 , ָ ǽ â ̴. 󸶳 ǽĿ Ǿ ִ ˷ ʴ. ׷ ȭ Ʈ ҳ Ȥ ̶ ʿ ϴ ƴ, âڵ ȸ ϰ ִ. ֿ Ŵ ָ鿡 ɷ س ͵̴. ̷ θ ̵ ó £ ٰߴٴ ־ ࿡ پ ʴ´.

׷, ιƮ Ŀ ȸ ġ߿ ָ (б л) ° ׷ ִٴ Ͽ. Դٰ Ŀ ָ 밡 ǿ ū ģٴ ߴ. ״ 60 3 ׷ . ״ ù ° ׷쿡 ִ ο ϰ ̸ ̰ ߰ϴµ ̶ ־. ׷ 85ۼƮ ''ϴµ ߴ. ° ׷쿡 ְ ׷ ִ ؼ ٰ ߴ. ׷쿡 60%. ״ 3° ׷쿡 ģ ̸ ü ٰ ߴ. ׷ 10% ''Ͽ.

Ϻ ̶ Ͽ Ѵ. ٸ ġḦ Ѵ. 谡鿡Դ μ, 鿡 ׵ ϰ ϰų ̷ ˱ϴ ذ ̴. ׷ ġ δ ġ 𸣴 , ȯڵ鿡 âϰ 輺 ִ. Ϻ ذ ٸ . ׵ Ű, ϴ 踶 ıѴ. ָ Կ ־ ؾ Ѵٴ ϴ.

õ ׸ : alien abductions, altered states, dianetics, exorcism, memory & repressed memorymesmerism, multiple personality disorder, Bridey Murphy, New Age Therapies, past-life regression, Charles Tart and the unconscious mind.


б ڷ

reader comments

Baker, Robert A. They Call It Hypnosis (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1990).

Loftus, Elizabeth F. Eyewitness Testimony (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979).

Schacter, Daniel L., editor, Memory Distortion: How Minds, Brains, and Societies Reconstruct the Past (harvard University Press, 1997).

Schacter, Daniel L. Searching for Memory - the brain, the mind, and the past (New York: Basic Books, 1996). Review

Spanos, Nicholas P. and John F. Chaves, editors Hypnosis: the Cognitive-behavioral Perspective, (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1989).

Spanos, Nicholas P. Multiple Identities and False Memories: A Sociocognitive Perspective (Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1996).

Spanos, Nicholas. "Past-life Hypnotic Regression: A Critical View," Skeptical Inquirer 12, no.2 (Winter 1987-88) 174-180.

Thornton, E.M. Hypnotism, Hysteria, and Epilepsy: An Historical Synthesis (London: Heinemann, 1976). 

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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