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Robert Todd Carroll

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IQ and Race

"The three great strategies for obscuring an issue are to introduce irrelevancies, to arouse prejudice, and to excite ridicule...." ---Bergen Evans, The Natural History of Nonsense

"If you make statements about racial differences based on data that doesn't exist, and right now there's nothing legitimate, then you are no more than a terrorist." --Jerome Kagan, professor of psychology, Harvard University

IQ ̴. IQ ֵǸ IQ ڰ Ѵ. ü Ȥ Ư Ȥ Ϸ ൿ ֵȴ. ׷ ̶ ó ź ̴.  ƴϴ. и ִ. ׸ Ϻ и ٸ . ȭ ٷ  Ѱ Ÿ̳ Ư ൿ ȴٴ ̴. κ  ȯ ִ ˰  ſ ϰ  ǿ õ̸,  迡 ؼ ̸  ܾ ˰  ſ ãƳ  ϰ,  ϽŰ ɷ پ, ̿ ɷ ִٴ ˰ ִ. ׸ Ѱ ƴ϶  ൿ ؼ ſ پ⵵ ϴ. ؼ ̶ ͺٴ ΰ ɿ ؼ ؾ ̴.

׷Ƿ Ƽ (Arthur Jensens) ũ(William Shockleys) ɰ 踦 ã ſ 콺 Ϸ δ. ׸ 츥Ÿΰ ӷ The Bell Curve, ̶ ɸŭ̳ ָ ̹Ƿ ͹ δ. ƴ ̺긦 ϴ ٺڵ鵵 ̵麸ٴ ˰ ִ. 츮 ̶ ̴. Ȥ Ʈ ڳ Ȥ Ʈ . ̰ Ư о߿ ɿ ߿ ƴ϶ ƴϴ. ̰ ü ޶ ̴ ׷ ̵, ī罺, õ ȭ ؼ ʾҴٴ ͵ ƴϴ. и ׷ ׷ ִ. ̷ ̸ Ű ⺻ ٸ ΰ Ư ȭ ̵ ڿð sexual selection ̴.

SF ۰ (Deborah Blum) ϸ ڴ ٸ 15% ̰ ִٰ Ѵ. ϴµ 6% ̸ ϴ. ٸ Ѵٸ ٸ κ ΰ 츦 ߰ ̴. ["Race: many biologists argue for discarding the whole concept," Deborah Blum, The Sacramento Bee, October 18, 1995, p. A12.]

Ƹ ָ ȭ ī ̱ Joseph Grave پ μ Ǻλ 踦 ϴ κ ڵ ƴ϶ ϰ ִ.

̵ ȭ 𸥴. ׵ ִ ȭ Ѵ. ׸ δ ̶ ٰ ϱ ü ϴ 𸣰ڴ. ʿ伺 ͵鿡 ؼ ϱ ؼ (ȭ )߿ ð Ѵٴ ſ ȭ .[Graves, quoted in Blum].

̽ð η C. Loring Brace "̶ ü ̴." Ѵ. [Blum]

, ü Ư¡ Ǻλ, Ǯ , , Ӹī Ǵ ̴. Ư о ɵ κ ο ؼ ޴´. ü ٸ Ϸ ڵ ִٴ ƴϴ. ɿ ְų, ׸ ǥϴ ɷ, Ȥ ߻ ɷ¿ ִ ڵ ī罺, ̵, Ǵ ΰ õ Ư¡鿡 ִ ڵ ȮǾ ִ ƴϴ. ĶϾ е鿡 ε д ѵ ؼ ƽþε ɷ ϴ ˰ ʹٸ ڸ ̴. ̷ ִٸ , , ׸ ȸ ǵ ξ ̴.

, ΰ ̽ ü ̸ ϰ ſ ̰ ϴ ƴ ̴. ڵ̳ ڷ 鿡 λ ɾ ְڴ°? Ƹ ׷ . ƹ м ǽϿ ÷ ׸ ϴٴ ִٰ ص ó ̴. ׷ /IQ 鿡 °? ̼ ̶  Ƹ ̳ ϰ ޾Ƶ ְڴ°? Ϻλ ̷ ͵ ̹ Ƿ ȮǾ ִٰ Ѵ. ̷ Եȴٴ Ȯϴ ſ ̴. Ǵ ſ . ¾ ȴ. ȴٴ Ǹ ְ ȭ Ѵ. ߴٸ װ ׵ , 鿡 Ӽ иϴٰ ϹǷ Ǹ ȭѴ. ̷ ͵ ġ ͵ ϴ ȭش. ڽ װ ̹Ƿ ڽ ̶ ȭϰ ִ. ״ ڽ Ȥ ոȭϷ ϰų ϴٰ Ǵ 鿡 ־ Ұ ſϱ⵵ Ѵ. ״ Ǻθ ̶ų  ͵ Ǹ ִٰ ڽ ̱⵵ Ѵ.

ī ̱ Ȥ ٸ Ҽ "" ̱κ ϰų Ѵٴ ִ°? 츥Ÿΰ ӷ ġ ΰ? ׷ ʴ. ǹִ ̳ ̰ 츮 ġ翡 ־ ſ ϰ ̿ ִ ڷ̴. ̷ ڷ οڵ鿡 ؼ ϴ ƴ϶ ȭŰ ؼ ̿Ǵ . ̷ ڷ ַ ̷ ִ. ڵ鿡Դ ٸ ȮŽŰ 鿡Դ ̰ ׵ ȥ ĥ ͵̴. Ŀ꿡 ݹ װ O.J.Simpson ǰ ġ̰ ִ ̾߱Ⱑ ߱ ̴. ǻ, 츥Ÿΰ ӷ̴ å 帶 ̱ ¸ ϴ ˱ߴ. ׵ ̷ µ ſ ׷ ұϰ ̱ ε ȸ ġ ο Ѵٴ Ͱ ġѴ. ڰ ε ̱ ÿ Ͼ ٸ ׵鿡 ̳ α׷  ؾ . ׵ ڿ ߵ ȭؾ Ѵٰ ˱ ٰŵ .

£ θ ̴ ټ Ҽ̶ ̴. ׷ ׵ ̷ ̰ ε ׵ ̶ ϴ ƴ϶ ִ. ̰ ߸ ̸ ټ ε Ҽ鿡 ȴ. Ҽ ü մ̳ ܰп ε巯 ̳ ϴ ٴ ͵ . ׷ ׵ ϸ "" ̱ ̶ ϴ и ߸ ̴. Ҽε ׵ (race)  ̳ ǻ, ȣ, , ڵ ڵ ٴ ̴. ׵ ޾   ϰ ȸ Ѱ. .  

츮 ٸ (race) ٶ󺸸鼭 Ư κ̳ Ư κп ʰ ΰ(human) ٶ ̴. 츮 ʿ ̸ ʿ . ׷ ׵ Ư Ǻλ ð ƾ Ѵ. ΰ ü ൿ ִٰų ٸ ° Ÿ ٺ ϴ ̴.


б ڷ

reader comments

  • Does Race exist? Dr. Loring Brace of the University of Michigan says 'no" and Dr. George Gill of the University of Wyoming says "yes"

Augstein, Hannah. ed., Race: The Origins of an Idea, 1760-1850 (Bristol, UK: Thoemmen Press, 1996).

Evans, Bergen. The Natural History of Nonsense (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1957), ch. 14, "The Skin Game."

Fraser, Steve, editor, The Bell Curve Wars : Race, Intelligence, and the Future of America (Basic Books, 1995).

Gould, Stephen J. The Mismeasure of Man (New York, Norton: 1981).

Higgins, A.C. Review of William Tucker's The Science and Politics of Racial Research

Kincheloe, Joe L. et al. editor, Measured Lies : The Bell Curve Examined (St. Martin's Press, 1997).

Marks, Jonathan. "Black, White, Other" in Natural History, 12/94.

Montagu, Ashley. Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race, 6th ed. (Altamira Press, 1997).

Montagu, Ashley. Race and IQ: Expanded Edition (Oxford University Press, 1999).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 08/29/00

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