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Robert Todd Carroll

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miracles,

"ϴ Ư ؼ ڿĢ ϴ , Ǵ  ʴ (interposition) ؼ ڿĢ ݵǴ ̴."(Hume, 123n). ž ڵ ڿ Ģ ݸ ̶ Ѵ. ׷ ׵ ٸ ε ڿ Ģ ׷ ؿԴٰ ϰ ִ. ̷ ſ ʴ Ǹ ̸ ̰ " "̶ Ѵ. 濡 ٰ ʻ Ǵ Ʈ ڿ Ģ ִٰ ϰ ִ. ׵ ̷ ̶ ʰ (magick)̶ θ.

׸ ź Ѵ. ߵ, Ҵ. ׷ ȮǸ, ׵ ٸ ȿȭ Ų. , ʰ ưưϰ ڽ , ׷ Ŀ ̹ Ÿϰ ıѴ. ٰŷ ϴ , ݵ, ŷ ؾ ϴ ǻ ־.

 ߰Ѵٸ, ô밡 ǰ ߸ϼ ϴ Ŀ Ұǰ ϰ ȴ.

...̰ ַ ϰų ߸ 鿡 θ Ǵ ڿ̸ ̾߱鿡 ݴǴ (presumtion) ϵ Ѵ. Ȥ ȭ ڿ̰ ͵ ϳ ޾Ƶ̰ ִٸ, ϰ ߸ 󿡰Լ ޹޾ ߰ߵ ̴. ׵ װ ָ鼭 ħ ־ ׻ ޾Ƶ鿩 ǰ ش. (Hume, 126).

ö Ӹ ƴ϶ 簡, ״ 簡 Ǹ ɼ ã ִٴ ġ ʾҴ. 翡 , 簡 Ȥ ׳ å ä ʴ´. ó ϳ ϵ ã Ұ . National Enquirer Ǵ ٸ ü κ ϴ ̽ ̳ Ӵ 鿡 ϰ ϴ 鸸 ̶ Ǵ ƹ ȸ µ Ѵ. ó  м ε   ؼ θ ۶߸ Ѵٸ ڸ ̶̼ ̴. ڵ ̷ ̰ų Ȥ ȯ ̴.

ƹ ϰ ̼ ȴٰ ϴ, Ƹ ̶ νϰ ־. ΰ ׷ϱ 츮 Ͱ ̷ο Ѵ. ΰ 츮 ǰ Ѵ. ̾߱Ⱑ ϴµ ϴ. 㿵, , ׸ ൿ, Ǹ ġ (cause) ϴ ϰ ĵ DZ⵵ ϸ ߴٴ ϱ⵵ Ѵ.(Hume, 136).

׷ ͺ ֱ ƿԼ(John Tillotson) ״ ̴. Tillotson ٸ ĥ (William Chillingworth) ֱ, ׸ ô ֱ Edward Stillingfleet ׵ ⵶ ȸ  ؼ "Ϲݻ"ݷ̶ ҷ ߴ. ƿԼ 縯 ȭü Ǵ "(real presence)" Ʈ ϴ ſ ϰ ̴. ̻翡 Ǵ к ְ ؼ ׸ ǿ ȴٴ 츮 ȴ. кó ̰, к к ̶ װ к̴. ̰ ٸ ϴ 迡 ٰ ϴ ̴. ִ ƴ ̳ ִ. argument Ŀ ȸ argumentʹ ƹ ̴. 縯 ȭü Ǵٸ å , ֱ , () Ʈν 뼺 ִ.  Ѹ   ܼ ʴ´. 츮 νϴ ̴°ʹ . ̷ ̸̼ ġ ̴. ̷ ʿ ŷڹ Ѵٸ, 츮  ͵ ŷ . ȭü ϴ ٺ ϴ ̴.

̸ ƿԼ ſ "Ʈ ؼ Ǵ 忡 ؼ ϰ, õǾ, ϱ 忡 ݷ ġ " Īϸ鼭 Ѵ. ״ ׸ ڽ

ϰ 鿡 ̽ Ȯε ִ ߰ ٰ ϸ, ׸,   ӵǴ, װ ϱ⿣, ̷ο ̾߱ żϰų 翡 ߰ߵ ̹Ƿ ϰ ̴.

ߴ(118).

Ἲ õ Ķ̴. (122): ( : ⼭ Ķ̶ ʶ ǹ̿ .)

ڿ Ģ ̴. ׸ ܴϰ ٲ ̷ Ģ ״.  (fact) Ѵٸ, ݴϴ ŵ κ 츮 ִ ̴.

Ȥ, ϰ (122):

ǵ鿡 ݴϴ θ ־߸ Ѵ. ׷ ʴٸ ׷ Ҹ ̴.

. (123)

Ȯϰ ϴ Ǻ ɼ Ͼ ƴ϶,  Ȯϴµ ʴ.

ȸ 縯 ȭü Ʈ ݴϴ Ϲݻ ޾Ƶ鿩 ⵶ ٺ Ǵ, ̴. ڿ Ģ Ȥ Ǿ Ȯ ƴ϶ 𼭳 ϰ Ǵ ̴. и ̴. ߿ ڱ . ׸ ¿ ٴ Ͼ 𸥴ٴ ƴ϶ Ȯ Ͼ ͵̴.    ⿡  ڽ ߿ ߰ ִٰ Ѵٸ, ڽſ ̴. " ɼ װ õ Ͼ Ȯ ξ ʹٸ ׷ٸ, ״ ̴. ׷ ״ ŷ Ȯ ־ٴ ʾҴ.

չ ߸ ٽ ڶ ʴ´ٴ ϴ . ŵ ģ Ư װ Ϲ忡 ڻ縦 ְ ڰ ſ ׳డ ο  ڸ µ ɾٴϸ, ǰ ٸ ִٰ ߴٰ . ׳ ſ ڰ ߸ ߿ ⸧ ߶ ٸ ڶ Ǿٰ Ѵ. ״ ׸ , ֹ Ѵ. ΰ? ϴ ڿ Ģ ٰŸ ϰ 뼺 źϴ ̴. ̰ ⺻ ڿ Ģ ħ ٴ źϴ ̴.   ȯ濡 ٴ, ⺻ Ģ ʴ´ٸ ̴.

ƾ 깰 ִ. ٷ ô Ҹ ϰ ǵ ϱ⸦ ϰ, װ͵鿡 ϰ, װ ٸ系, âϰ, ̾߱⸦ ġϰ, ȭŰ, ׸ ڽ 깰 ϰ ȴ. ̰ Ͼ ٴ ǹϴ°? ƴϴ. ׷ ̰ ȴٸ ɼ Ͼ ɼٴ   Ǽ߰ų Ȥ ̰ų Ȥ ɼ ξ . ϴ , ̼ ƴ϶ žӿ ̶ ߴ.  

õ ׸ : on collective hallucinations, magick, Satan, wicca and witches.


б ڷ

reader comments

Hume, David. An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, ch. x "Of Miracles," (1748), Bobbs-Merrill, Library of Liberal Arts edition.

Nickell, Joe. Looking For A Miracle: Weeping Icons, Relics, Stigmata, Visions and Healing Cures (Prometheus Books: Buffalo, N.Y., 1993).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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