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Robert Todd Carroll

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the Mozart Effect Ʈ ȿ

"We have this common internal neural language that we're born with and so if you can exploit that with the right stimuli then you're going to help the brain develop to do the things like reason." -- Dr. Gordon Shaw

"We exposed these animals [rats] in utero and then sixty days after birth to different types of auditory stimulation and then we ran them in a spatial maze. And sure enough, the animals that were exposed to the Mozart completed the maze faster and with fewer errors. And now what we're doing is we're removing their brains so we can slice them and see neuro-anatomically precisely what has changed as a function of this exposure. So it may be that this intense exposure to the music is a type of enrichment that has similar effects on the spatial areas of the hippocampus of the brain." --Dr. Frances Rauscher

"Stories stressing that children's experiences during their early years of life will ultimately determine their scholastic ability, their future career paths, and their ability to form loving relationships have little basis in neuroscience." --John Bruer

Ʈ ȿ A. 丶Ƽ(Alfred A. Tomatis)  3 ̰ Ƹ콺 Ʈ(Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) ߴ Ѵٴ ȿ̴.

Ʈ ȿ ̵ 1993 ĶϾ ķ۽ (Gordon Shaw) ý (Frances Rauscher) ܼƮ ÿ ̸ְ ߴ ؼ ۵Ǿ. ׵ ʸ б л鿡 Ʈ ' ǾƳ븦 ҳŸ D ' 10а ش ȿ Ͽ. ׵ Ʈ- IQ ˻ -߷ ׽Ʈ ɷ ణ Ѵٴ ߰Ͽ. ߴ. ּ ڴ Ϻ پ ߴٴ ߰ߴ(Halpern). ٸ " - ̶ Ѵٸ- ִ ּ Ʈ ܱⰣ IQ ȴٴ ̴" ߴ(Linton). Ŵ Ʈ 㸦 ǽϿ. Ŵ Ʈ -߷ ɷ° ȴٰ ߷ߴ.   

1997 ſ ǾƳ singing instruction ̵ ߻ ߷ ϴµ ǻ instruction ϴٴ Ű ִٰ ǥߴ.

л 3 ׷ Ǿ ־. ù ° ׷ ǾƳ/Ű 뷡 ޾, ° ׷ ǻ ޾, ° ׷ ƹ Ʒõ ʾҴ. ǾƳ/Ű -ð ɷ ϴ ׽Ʈ ־ ٸ ׷캸 34% ޾Ҵ. ̷ ߰ , ü, , ׸ п ʿ Ưϰ Ű Ÿ. (Neurological Research, February 1997).

Ŵ 踦 ڱϿ. ׵ ׵ The Music Intelligence Neural Development Institute (M.I.N.D.) ߴ. ȿ ǰ ֱ ִ the Mozart Effect ׸ MUSICA Ʈ ֱ⵵ ϴ.

Ŵ ׵ ۾ ߸ ޵Ǿٰ Ѵ. ׵ ְ ; " ٴ Ű ִٴ Ͱ, Ư ļ ϴ pre-existing sites Ѵٴ "̴.* ̰ Ʈ  Ѵٰ ϴ Ͱ ٸ ̴. ׷ Ȯ Ÿ ٸ ʰ 뼭  ̱ θ ٶ ߴ. ״ Keeping Mozart in Mind å CD Ǹϰ ִ. 츮 1999 9 ķ ҿ ̰ ־. ׿ -ð ߷ ۾ ʼ̱ -ð ߷а κ ڱϸ -ð Ʒ ϴ , , ü, ׸ ų ִٰ ϰ ִ. ׵ Ʈ ֱ⵵ ѵ װ  ̿ , -ð   ִϸ̼ Ʒϱ ̴.

Ŵ 迡 ־ ü ϱ ü âߴ. ǿ ǰ ߸ ϰ Ǿ ̰͵ Ϸ Ƹ ð ̴. , Sonoma State University Business Administration α Jamal Munshi ߸ ӱ ̾߱ Ҵ. ״ ̰͵ ͳݿ "̻ "̶ ÷ Ҵ¿ ߿ Ű Ʈ 2 ǾƳ븦 ҳŸ D ־ л SAT 51 ߴٴ ԵǾ ִ. δ, Ŵ 36 UC Irving л鿡 ڸ ǽϿ Ʈ ׷ ⳪ Ȥ ȭ ִ Ⱥ Ͻ 8 - 9 ٴ ߰ߴ. (սô ĸ  ƴٴϴ ٰ ߴ. ڵ ̷ ߿ ؼ Դ. ׷Ƿ 츮 ׵ ϰ ٷ Ѵ.)

׷, ķ Ʈ ȿ ؼ īν īŸ״ٿ P.T.Barnum Ǿ. ſ ٸ ڽ ؼ ϰ ְ״. ״ Ʈ ȿ ǥ ǥȭϿ www.mozarteffect.com ׿ ǰ Ǹϰ ִ. ķ ״ ִ κ ( : ̶ Ϲ մϴ.) , ⵵ ׸ ʿ ϴ ϹǷ Ǿٰ Ͽ. üп ڵ  , ̷ 忡 ǹ ʴ´. ״ õ簡 ȴٰ ϴ ̴. ( ׿ ׷ ٸ, ʿ Ǿϴ. Ǽ ̶ °?)

ķ ǿ ̹ ߴٴ ڽó ĸ ȭ ٹ ̴. ڿ , ̴. [ķ ϴ  ͵ ġ ִٰ Ѵ.] Ϲ ȭ̸ װ ߸ ؼ ͵ ִ.  Ʋ 뵵 ִ.

׸ ü Ϲ ص ʴ´. Ʈ ǰ Ųٸ Ʈ ׷ Ͱڴ°? Ʈ ɰ شٸ, پ Ʈ ƴѰ? (Linton)*

Ʈ ȿ Ű ϴ ص, ķ ϴ ȸ αִ Ǵ ߴ.

Į  ϸ ִ° , PBS(: ̱ ) Ҹ  Ȱ ִ° ͺ並 , IBM ۾ ȿ ȭ Ű Ʈ , National Association of Cancer Survivors ġ ȿ 縦 , ׵ ķ Դ. (ķ Ʈ, www.mozarteffect.com).

׳׽ÿ ¾ Ʊ鿡 Ʈ CD ִ α׷ ߴ.  1999 5, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences Foundation Ŭ CD 鰳 ϰ ִ. ̰ ǵ ̴. Ŭ  ̳ ġ Ųٴ Ȯ ٰϰ ִ°?

ȶġ ָ ɸ Kenneth Steele Ʈ ̽ ִ James S. McDonnell Foundation å John  Bruer ݴѴ. κ ҵ ұϰ, ׵ Ʈ ǰų Ȥ ǰ ƴ϶ ߴ. Steele Karen Bass Melissa Crook Ű ݿ 125 л , " ȿ ߴ" ߴ. ׵ "Ʈ ȿ Ѵٴ Ϳ ٰ α׷ ϴ Ŵ " ȴ. ɸ (Psychological Science) 1999 7ȣ Ƿȴ.

(Bruer) å The Myth of the First Three Years Ʈ ȿӸ ƴ϶ ֱ ߸ ؼ ̽ŵ ϰ ִ.

Ʈ ȿ 츮 ִ 󿡼 а ߸ü  ȥյǾ ִ° ִ ̴. ϴ ޸ ǰ, ᱹ ׵  ߸ü ؼ ְǰ Ǿ ޾Ҵ װ ϰ ȴ. ٸ ϴ ϰ ߵ տ 峭 ġ, ׵ ڽ  ̽ ߰ϰ, ϱ ϸ, ְ Ѵ. ̷ 쿡, ڵ ׵ ž Ű ؼ Ÿ . ֳϸ ⿡ ó ׵ ̵ ̱ ̴. ׷ Ǹ, 츮 å, , CD , α׷, ̴. ̽ Ƿ ޾Ƶ鿩 鸸 ϰ ȴ. 쿡, ̷ ʾҴ. 츮 ̹ п شٴ ˰ ֱ ̸, ׷ٸ ɰ ǰ شٴ ̻ϰ ̴°? ̰ ̴. ȱ׷? ׷. ׸  ȸ Ǿ ̰ͺ ξ .  


б ڷ

Bruer, John T. The Myth of the First Three Years (Free Press, 1999).

Copyright 2000
Robert Todd Carroll

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