sd.gif (2133 bytes)
Robert Todd Carroll

 logo.gif (4146 bytes)
SkepDic.com

vertline.gif (1078 bytes)  

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® ( : MBTI μ˻ θϴ. ߿ Ϲ ׳ MBTI θ CPP ® ̶ 䱸ؼ Ʒ ۿ ® پִ Դϴ.) ݵ ִ 4 ô ̿ؼ  ϴ ġ̴. 4 ô (1)/ (2)/ (3)/ (4)Ǵ/ν̴. پ 16 ٰ CPP(Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.)ȸ ϰ ִ. ȸ Ǹ ִ. 4 ⿡ 4 INTJ Ÿ. INTJ '߽ ⼺ Ǵ ⼺' Ȥ ' Ǵ߽ '̶ .

CPP ϸ Myers-BriggsTM ġ θ ̴ ݺм ġ Ѵ. (ų 2鸸 MBTI ˻縦 ޴´*) CPP Ѵ.

ΰ踦 ϰ 꼺 Ű, ǻ ֵ Ȯν ̴.*

б MBTI 㿡 Ѵ. 16 ؼ ִ. ̰ ϰ õ Ư¡ ̷ ִ*. INTJ .

  • , ̰ â
  • ̼, , ׸
  • ̷ ɼ ؼ и
  • İ ɷ ġִٰ .
  • ׵ ٸ 鿡
  • ̰, ׵ ڽ Ǵܰ ν ٸ ͺ ŷ.
  • Ϲ ٸ 鿡Դ ݰ ˱

CPP ص ʴ´. ׵ ȸ´ 鿡, ׽Ʈ ϴ ãư 4 ߿ ΰ ô ٲپ ã Ѵ.* Դٰ, ȣϰ , ൿ ݴ ൿ δ. ׷Ƿ  ൿ ϴ ϴµ  ൿ ϴµ ִ.

̷ ȣ St. Mary's College Ipswich in Australia ϴ Ͱ Ʒ Ǿ ִ 쵵 ִ.

INTJ ̰, ̸, ̰ ڽ ̵ ɼ ؼ δ. INTJ ٸ Դ ϰ ڽŰ ġ ( ̴) ( ٲ ̷ ִ) δ. ý, α׷, , Ȥ ̷ ȭ 䱸 INTJ ڿ ִ. ӹ , ̳ ȸ ο ٸ, ܼ ̳ Ȥ ڰ信 ִ.

(Үκ)̸ β ź. INTJ м ׵ ̵ ŷѴ. ٸ ׵ ٰ ̸ ٸ ǿ ׵ ̶ ̴....INTJ ൿ ϴ ڱ κ, ̶ ׵鿡Լ ´. ǹ  ̷̰, м̰, о߿ ŷ . INTJ п ϰų а о߿ ö, , Ȥ о о߿ Ѵ.

St. Mary's College (SMC) "MBTI 츮 ڽſ İ 츮 ൿ Ȯϰ ش" Ѵ...."̷ 츮 λ ϰų Ȥ ΰ踦 µ ִ." SMC б л鿡 "TYPE Ű 4 Ʈ ϴ ̴. ĭ ƴ  ̴° ϴµ ̴."

ڽŰ ٸ ν ִ. ̰ 鿡 ϴµ ־. ׵ ȸ ȯӿ  ϰ ϰ ؽ ̸, ׵ ٸ 迡 ϰ ϸ ϰ ϴ, ""ϴµ ʿ, ׸ ׵ ׵ ΰ迡 ִ ˷ְ ִ.

̷ ִµ  ٺ MBTI ΰ Ǿ ̴. ᱹ, MBTI , ð ؼ س ִ 鿡 ؼ ̷ٰ ϰ ִ.

̶ ( ɸ ۾) ؼ ̾߱⸦ ϰڴ.

ɸ

MBTI Į ɸ ̶ 信 ٰϰ ִ. MBTI ó ̻级 긯 ̾(Isabel Briggs Myers, 1897-1979) ׳ Ӵ, ij 긯(Katharine Cook Briggs) ؼ ߵǾ ̻级 Į(Swarthmore College) ġ л ޾ ̻ п ʾҴ.* ij ƹ ̽ð ( ̽ð ָ) . ׳ ڷ ǥر(Bureau of Standards) ̾. ̻级 Ŭ󷻽 ̾(Clarence Myers) ȣ翴. и, Ŭ󷻽  ٸ ſ ٸ ij͸ Ǿ. ׳ ̻级 å "ɸ (Psychological Types)"̶ å Ұ ־. ڿ Ͼ ׵ ζ Ѵ. ׵ " " . ׵ ǥ ̾. , 鿡 ڽŰ ϴµ ְ, ׵ ´ Ҹ ޾Ƶ̰ ϴµ ־. ̰ ູϰ ְ â, ư⿡ ȭο ̴.

ϸ, 츮 ⼺̶ Ѵ(213).* ׵ "׵ ڽ ٴ ֺȯ濡 ؼ ޴´" Ѵ(302). ⼺ " ؼ ޴´. - ȸ Ǵ νİ ...."(303). ״ " Ϲ Ư ̱ ̹Ƿ, . ֳϸ ȿ ٶ󺸰 ִٴ ˰ ϱ ̴(303). ̰ ξ ٴ ǹϴ ޾Ƶ鿴. "ְ ο ൿϰ ڽ 迡 Ѵ... ׸ ... ׻ ܺ 踦 ηѴ...״ ׻ г븦 ִ"(303). ̷ ͵ ˰ װ ſ ɽ ϱ ̶ ߴ. ״ ϻ ѹ װ͵ ̾(315). ǻ, ߴ. "  ̶ ִ" ϱ ߴ(306). ״ ȭ мϴ ȣߴ.

" ̰ų " ߴ. ̷ ̴. ̰͵  ,  ȣ Ű ̴. ȯο ޴ Ȥ ְ ο ޴ ϴ ̸, װ δ. ׵ ڽ Ǵ ܺο ؼ ϰ ްų Ȥ ϰ ޴´." (304).

Դٰ, ٸ ̺й ɸ ִٰ ߴ. " 뷫 ϸ, ſ ( )̴ٰ ش. ſ ̰ ׷ Ȥ ޾Ƶ鿩 ƴϸ źؾ ΰ ش(306)." ̺й ϸ / ̴. " ſ ű⿡ ִ° ָ... ׸ - ִ.. ؼ ִ"(306) ߴ. ״ "ǽ ν"̶ ϱ⵵ ߴ(307).

ڽŰ , '(Ȥ ) ' ƴ϶ ߰ϴµ ð ɷȴٰ ߴ. ״ ǽ (conscious orientation) Ȥ ɸ 4 ִٴ ߰ߴٰ ߴ. ״ " ΰ Ͽ" ̷ п ϰ Ǿٰ ߴ(342). 4 Ѵٰ ״ ߴ.

ٶ󺸴 ٸ иϴٰ Ǿ[ġ ɸ ֵ]. ϳ ƴ϶, ſ ּ 16 Ȥ 360 ִ. 츮 ڸ ø ִ. ׷ ſ ϵ, 4 ϵ, 4 ̶ ߰ߴ. з  ȣȭ ؾ 𸥴. (archetype) ̶ ̰ ſ ߿ archetypal ̸, ߿ Ѵٴ ̴(342).

Ŵ, ӻ ̸ ⺻ ȭ ٰϰ ִ. ״ ⼺ ⼺ ϰ ִ. ״ ϸ Ѵ. 忡 Ŵ  迡 ٰ ʴ´. ״ ־ٸ "׷ ̴." Ѵ(315). ׷, װ ġ " ؾ ߴ." ϴ Ͱ (315).

ȭ

" ׵ Ͱ ƴ϶ ؼ Ѵ(308)" ϱ ؼ ȯڿ ؼ ̾߱⸦ Ѵ. ׳ ħ 9ÿ , ߴ. " ħ 8  иϱ."׳ ׿ ڽ " ħ Ż ־ٴ ." Ѵ. ׳ Ż , ׳࿡ " Ż簡 ħ ־ ⸦ ϴ."̶ Ѵ. ׳ 캸 Ϳ δ. ȭ ϴ δ. ׳ Ż簡 Ҵµ ׳డ ִٴ ֱ ؼ ʾ ִٴ ʾҴ. 迩, ׳ ھտ ð 綳̿ ־ٰ Ѵ. ׳డ װ ߴٰ Ѵ. ״ ׳డ ̰ ð þ Ǹ ￴ ʾҴ.

ڵ ó £ ϴ ƴ϶ ϴ ڽ ⸸ϴ ſ ڷḦ ̷п ¥ ߴ ʹ ̴. ٸ ȭ ̷ ϴµ ش. "" ڿ "" ȣ ȿ ־. ׵ ⸦ ؼ ̺ϴ ϰ ־. , "׵  ( ) ⸦ ߴ" ɽ ϴ () 翬 ٰ̱ ̴. ׷ ʴ. ̱. ׳ ׸ ̱ ִ. ֳϸ ׳ ̸ ˾Ƴ ֱ ̴"(306-307. ߰). õ̴. װ δ. ٸ Ŵ ʿ ʴ. ӿ ں ˰ ִ ̻ ˰ ̴. Ƹ, ڴ ڸ Ȥ ڽ Ҿ ȴ 𸥴. ˰ڴ°? ̾߱ ٸ (״ ̰ " ̾߱"̶ θ.) , ٰ (begging the question) ϰ ִ.

ȭ  㱸̴. , ũδϽƼ ϱ ؼ Ѵ:

, ̾߱⸦ ٰ ִ. Ÿ ǹ ʿ ־ ̸ . ̰ ܼ 쿬 δ. [ESP ] ̷ ʵ ܼ 쿬 ƴ϶ ߴ. , ̰͵ , ̽ ʴ´ٸ, 쿬 ƴ϶ 忡 ̴. " ؼ  ߱ Ÿ. Ÿ ̴." . ׷. װ 쿬̴. 쿬 ̴. ׷ ̷ 쿬 쿬 ϴ ͺ ߻Ѵ. ׷ 쿬ڿ ִٴ ش.(315, emphasis added).

ٽ , ߴٸ װ 쿬 ϴ ̻ Ͼٰ Ǵ δ 쿬 Ӹ ƴ϶ Ǵ Ϳ Ͼٴ ˾ ̴.

ϸ, ̶ ٴ ö̴. ̰ ̶ װ ߸ ̸, װ ʾ Ϳ ؼ ġ ְ 򰡿 ϱ ̴. Ȯϰ ָϴ. , ɸ ǹִ . ݴ ൿ    ִ. ǽ Ƹ ڶ κ Ѵٴ ( ϰ ϴ)  Ͼ(311). ̰ Ұϰ Ѵ. ؼ, ۾ Ȯ, ڱ⸸ ׸ wishful thinking ̴. 

۾ Ѱ踦 ޾ ̶ ϸ װ MBTI ־ Ȯ . " ü ⼺ ˷ ̴. ⼺ ⼺ ִ. зϴ ǹ̰ ̴. ̰ , Ȥ ݴ 츦 ϱ , dz ɸڸ ġ ̴." ߴ(305).

׷, 繰 ̸, ̿ϴ 繰 츮 ڽ ϴ , ؼ ɽ ϴ ͸ŭ ȿ ̶ ϽѴ. 踸 ü ڱ ⸸ ּȭϰų Ȥ 츮 ˾Ƴ (x-factor) ȿ ϴ ̶ Ű澲 ʴ´. νĿ ȿ ڿ踦 ϴµ ȿ ƴϴ.

̻级 긯 ̾ Ǽ .

Manual ϸ鼭, ׳ 򰡵  , װͿ 亯 ã ߴٰ ߴ. ׳ ̷ ̾߱⸦ ⼺ ߴµ ״, 򰡵 ˰ ʹٸ ڱ ڽ Ӹ ̶ ߴ. ״ ٸ 򰡸 ãư ̰ ׿ ٴ ̴. ̻级 ¦ , ſ ⻵ߴ.* 

̷ ȭ ڱ 輺 Ÿ ִ. ǰ߿ ϰ Ȯϰ ϰ Ư¡ ˾Ƴ , װ ̶ ص, װ Ÿ ͵ ƴϰ ͵ ƴϴ. ٸ ̴. 忡 ݴϴ ¼ ƺ ſ ̴. ٸ 򰡸 ؼ ڽ ǰ 巯 ƴϴ. ̰ ǰ ڽ ϰ ϴ ̴.  Ư 鸸 ǰų Ȥ Կ ؼ ٰ ϴ ϰ Ȯ ˱ ̴.

ö ġ "ü" 츮 п ġ ִ ڿ а (valid)̶ Ͻø Ѵ. ö  ڹ踦 ϸ, ڱⰡ ٶ󺸰 ִ ٶ󺸴 ͻ̸,  ٸ ʴٴ Ǹ ϱ⵵ Ѵ.  δ ̷ ߺ־ ߸ εϴ ̸, ڰ ٸ ̴. 츮 ߿ ϴ ִ. 츮 Ʋ Ϳ ̸ , 츮鿡 Ǵ ͵鿡 ؼ ո ɼ ִ. ̻п ؼ Ѵٸ ̴̾߱. ״ а ̻ ؼ Ϸ ʴ . ֵ ǿ뼺̸, ⿣  ̷̳ ö ִ. ״ ɸ ̶ " ̸ ⿡ ٿ Ѵ... ̰ ̴. ̷ ǥ ʵ м ǹ̰ ִ ̴" Ͽ(312).

pre-Jungian typologies

ɸ ƴϴ. 4 ϴ°? 츮 ڴ, Ѷ, ڸ, Ȱ, ô, ȭ߳ ϳ ֵǾ. ̷ з 5 ߹ ǻ ũ׽ Ž ö ִ. ״ 4 ü 4 ü߿  ֵ ϴ° ߴ. ڸ ; Ȱ ü, ô , ׸ ȭ߳ ̴. ũ׽ ׸ 繰 , , , ׸ ҷ ȯ ִٴ 忡 ǰ ̴. 4 Ҵ ̰߰/, ϰ/ ó 鼺 ִ. ü ɸ, ׸ ڽ , ֵ 'ü', 4 ⺻ , Ȥ װ ̰߰ ϰų Ȥ Ѱ ؼ ص ִ. ˻ õ Ѱ " ´´" Ǿ Դ. , ü Ȯ ſ ̴. ̰ ɸ ߴµ ֳϸ ü ϱ ɸ ̴.*

ó, κ ũ׽ ̻ ǹִ 뵵 ã ߱ ̴. ׷ ̰ Ⱓ øŭ ̴. ̷ 뼺 ? Ƹ 츮 ó ϴ 򰡱 ̴. ̷ , ڽŰ ٸ ϴµ  ִ°? ̴.   Ǵ λ ־, 츮 ֵ ǥ ϴ ٸ ΰ踦 ϴµ ش. , ߼ ڽ ǰ ︰ٴ ˰ ̴. ״ λ ֿ ǥ, ȥ ̷ ؼ ã ̴. ƴ λ 迡 ִ. ״ ڽ ̰߰ ݴ밡 Ǵ Ƴ(ô ) 𸥴. ״ ڽ ⺻  庮 غؾ ϴ ̰,  ׿ ˸´ ħ ִ. 4 ȴٴ ٸ ϴµ ̴. װ 4 ˸, հ ˴ Ʋ ִ , ϰ , ű⿡ ְ Ǿ ϴ ̴. ϸ, ״ ̷ " ´´" Ȯ ִ.

the Myers-Briggs instrument

̻级 긯 ̾ 򰡸 ν ۼ (test construction) . ׳ ģ ׳ ιǥ ׳ ʱ ˻ ǹٴϾ õ  л Ҵ. ׳ ǰл 12Ⱓ Ͽ ׵ ׵ ´´ٴ ߰ϰ Ǿ. ׳ ׳డ  Ư¡("Ȯ νİ ִٰ Ǵ") ǰ ϴ ˰ Ǿٰ Ȯϰ Ǿ.* ׳ ׳ ˻ ȣ ǻ縦 ϴµ Ǵ ͻӸ ƴ϶, MBTI® ǻ ȣ ϹǷν, л νϰ Ǵϴ л ڽ ɿ ´ ϴµ DZ⸦ ߴ."*

ٸ ׳ ˻ ϰ Ű ־, ̰ 1975 CPP Ѿ ȴ. CPP ̰ ó ó . ׳ " MBTI® ȭų ۿ ٴ ˰ ִ", "װ ׵ ̴. ׵ װ ȭŰ , ߴ ϱ ٶ. ׷ ֱ ̴." ߴ.

personality profiles and astrological readings

ռ ߵ, 16 Ư¡ profile Myers-BriggsTM instrument ؼ ̰ 4 ô ݵ 鿡 Ͽ ̷ ̴. δ, instrument profile ų ԰ݴ иϱ ؼ ƴϴ. ׷ ׷ ϰ Ȥ ¿ ̴. (̹ տ , ȣ St. Mary's College ؼ л鿡 profile ) ٸ ̷ ϰ ΰ ׽Ʈ ϴ ͳ ̰Ÿ Ǿ. ̷ д ġ Omar д ̳ Ȥ ʴɷ ̿ д Ͱ . Ʒ Myers-Briggs ̴. ſ ´ Ȯ . ̷ ͵ 󸶳 ſ ´ Ȯ . ġ ӽ ̿ ̳ ݵ帮 Ѵ.

ſ , ˱ ̷ ʽϴ. ȿ Ʈó ϰ ϰ ֽϴ. ִ ̳ 鿡 ǹ åӿ ؼ ſ մϴ. λ ü ϸ, ̻ ġ Ǵմϴ.

̻ ų Ű մϴ. ԰ ̻ λ , ̰  ǥϱ ſ ƴٴ ˴ϴ. ǥ ʽϴ. ε巯 ϰ µ ֽϴ.

ϻ ؼ ſ ̰, ؽ , ϸ, 뼺 ֽϴ. ׷ ޴´ٸ, ݵ Դϴ. ƴ϶, λ ų Ȥ Ϸ Դϴ. , ڽŵ ġ ǥ ϱ ؼ ð ϰ մϴ.

ֵ ̴ , Ǵ ˷ Ѿ ο ɼ ã Ϳ ֽϴ. ϰ ִ 2質 ֽϴ. װ ¿ ֱ Դϴ. ϴ , η , ູ, ׸ ǰ ⿩ϱ⸦ ٶ ֽϴ. ƹ ٰ ϴ ̻  ֱ⸦ մϴ.  Ϳ Ϻڰ ˴ϴ.

ο ̵ ȣ , ȸ ϰ ֽϴ. å  ̸ ٸ Ź ǥ Դϴ. ɷ Ǹ ۰ Դϴ. ͵鿡 ؼ ſ õ̰ 鿡 , ̷ ͵ 巯 ɵְ ֽϴ. ī, , , , , Ȥ ɸп ŷ Դϴ.

, ̻ () ϴٴ Դϴ. ſԴ ̿ؼ ̻ ǥ ִ ã ſ ߿մϴ. ׷ ʴٸ Ұ ٴ ̸ ִ Դϴ. ̻ ǥ ִ ä ߰ ٸ, ſ ΰ óޱ , λ ڽſ Ȯ Ҿ ̴ϴ.*

 𸣰, ſ ...ּ Ϻκ ſ ´´... Ÿ κ ϸ ʾ, ̰ Ȯϴٴ ޾Ҵ. װ ο ߴٴ Ư Ѵ.

⿡ Myers-Briggs profiles ̴. Ʒ ο ͵ ´ . Ѱ?

  1. ϰ, ϸ, ߷° ö ̲. ǰ , ṵ̈, ̰, ̸, ̰ ̰ . 繰 ȭؼ ٶ󺻴. åӰ ϴ.  װ ذ ִ ؾϸ  ؾϴ ϰ ư.
  2. Ϲ â̸ ڽ ̵ ִ. о߿ ־ ׵ ü Ȥ ϼŰ Ǹ ִ. ȸ̰, ̸, ̸, ⵵ ϴ. ߿ ؼ 纸ϴ Ѵ.
  3. ϰ ϴ. Ư ̷̰ų ߱ . м Ǯ Ѵ. Ϲ Ƽ ʴ´. κп ִ. ȣ 䱸ǰų о ʿϴ.

ù ° ISTJ(introversion, sensation, thinking, judgment) TheTrustee ˷ ̴. ü α 6% Ѵ. ° INTJ (introversion, intuition, thinking judgment) ڶ ˷ ̾. ̷ ü α 1% Ѵ. INTP(introversion, intuition, thinking, perception) Architect ˷ ü α 1% Ѵ.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® ɸ ˻ ȷ Ӻ δ. ׵ ⿡ ´ ڷ ̸, ־ ̿ ׵ ´ ãƳ ¥ ߴ Ͱ ̴. Ȯ ⺻ ָ, ׸  ۿ ƾ ó ̿ؼ ִ ̴. ׷ ̷ ɸ ˻ ̳̿ ٸ Ŀٶ ̴ ڵ ̷ ȸ ־ ׵ ȭشٴ ̴. ̰ ̴.

uses of the MBTI®

MBTI® ä ϱ 迡 ǰ , 꼺 ̱ θ ̱⵵ Ѵ. ׵ ڽŰ ׵ ϰ ν 꼺 ⸦ ٶ ִ. ̹ ߵ, ̻级 ̾ ׳ ִ ǰ α׷ ߿ DZ⸦ Ͽ.* ̵ Ǿ. , л ( Ѵٸ, Ÿ ) ¾ƾ Ѵٴ Ʒ б Ե α׷ , Ȱ, , ׸ ¸ ȭŰ⸦ ϰ ִ.* ٸ 16 ִٸ 16 ־߸ Ѵٴ Ʒ 16 ´ 16 ٸ ϰ ִ.* 

 9 ִٰ ϰ ִϾ׷ 𸥴. ߵ 󿡴  , 츮 Ѵٸ 360 ִ. ǰڴ°? Ƹ ׵ Ʋ ̴. ¼ 츮 John Gray, Ph.D ó ȭ ݼ » 2 鸸 ʿ 𸣰ڴ.

õ ׸ : the enneagram and Jung.


* The spelling of extravert is Jung's preference. The numbers in parentheses refer to the McGuire text, which is a collection of interviews with Jung. Most of the material quoted here is from the second (pp 296-315) or the fourth (pp 335-352)  of four filmed interviews Jung did with Richard I. Evans of the University of Houston in 1957 in Zurich.

further reading

reader comments

Dawes, Robyn M. House of Cards - Psychology and Psychotherapy Built on Myth, (New York: The Free Press, 1994).

Forer, B.R. "The Fallacy of Personal Validation," Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1949.

McGuire, William and R. F. C. Hull, eds., C. G. Jung Speaking (Princeton University Press, 1977).

Quenk, Naomi L. Essentials of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Assessment (John Wiley & Sons, 1999).

Thiriart. "Acceptance of personality test results," Skeptical Inquirer, WINTER 1991 (vol. 15, no. 2).

Copyright 2000
Robert Todd Carroll

larrow.gif (1051 bytes) multiple personality disorder

Last updated 11/12/00

natural rarrow.gif (1048 bytes)