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naturalism, ڿ

ڿǴ ̻ ̷ ϳ, ڿ(ڿ ݴ ǹ̷ ڿ) ӿ ̳ Ģκ, ϴٰ Ѵ. ڿǿ, ָ Ŵ Ȥ ü ϸ, Ϲ , ΰ 屸 ϰ ִ.

ڿǴ ŷ̳ , , , , ȥǴ 찡 .

߱ DZ ̽ŷڵ̾, ڿǸ ռ. ̽ŷ ʿ â 縦 ϰ , âְ ڿ迡 Ѵٴ ϰ ִ. , 踦 ϴµ ־, ʿ䰡 .

, Ʈ Գ(9 Ϸ),ٳ θ(16 Ż), dz(17 ״) ŷ öڵ ڿ̾. ŷп, ڿ̴.

, ڿǴ 縦 ʰ, ʿ(transcendent) ε (immanent) ε ʴ´. ׷, ڿǴ ʿ ̶ ϰ, п ִ. ̳  ڸ . , ڿ , , ƴ ȴ.

öп ־ ڿǿ ڿǿ ־ ˱ ϸ ڿ ߽ϴ Ϳ , ڴ ߽ϴ ִ. (dysteleological, ̳ 踦 ŷ ʴ´)̴. е ϴ ̴. ( ϵ )

ؿ ظ ϱ , ణ . 

浿

浿 ̴. ̶ ϴ Ⱑ. ū Ѵٸ, ȸϰ ǰ, ׷ ̴. 縯 ߿ ڽ ؼ ϴ ͸ 屸 ̿ϴ ̶ ϱ⵵ Ѵ.  ̶ ջŰ , ϴ , 񵵴 ̵ȴ. , ȹ̳ ִ ڿ ̹Ƿ, ߸ ȴ.

屸 ʴ´. 屸 ĽŰ ؼ ƴϴ. Ⱑ ϼ Ȱ ϰ, ϴ ̴. ൿ Ƴ ̴. ̷ ջŰ Ұϴ. ֳϸ, Ϲ ̴. (, Ư ϰ ʹٴ 屸 ִ. Ư ϰ ʹٴ ü, ⼭ ̴.)  Ư ä ƴϱ , װ ڿΰ ƴѰδ Ǵ . , ٸ Ģ 뼺(utility) ʿϰ ȴ.  ·ų, ڿǴ ڿ̱ ϴٴ Ͻϴ ƴϴ.  

, ϴ ؼ ϴ ൿ̸, ׷ ̴. , ̸, Ǵ ͻ̴. ϴ ϴ ٸ ٸ ̴. ݰ ٸ , װ͵ 谡 ̴. ī ٸ ٸ 谡 ȴ. ϴ ƴ϶, ٸ ̸ ̴.

ҾƼ()

ڿǿ ־ ҾƼֳ Ż  Ѵ. ڿڿ ־, Ƹ ̳ ι ̴. ̷ Ϸ ڿ , ׷ ä Ѵٴ ƴϴ. ڿڵ ڿڵ ҾƼֳ Ż ൿ , ڿڴ ̷ ϴ°, ʿ伺 Ѵ. ڿڵ ߿, ൿ̶ ִ, ΰ ã 𸥴. ڿڰ  ü åӰ ΰ ī ִٴ Ϳ ִ. ׷, ൿ ൿ å ʰ ִٴ ̴.

ΰ?

鿡 ̰ ִٰ ϴ ڿڴ, 翡 ؼ  ؾ Ѵ. ̷ Ϸ ĸ (, theodicy)̶ θ. п ǿ " źϴ" ϴ ó, ո̰ ޾Ƶ ϱ⵵ ϸ, Ȥ " Դϱ?" "Hath thou an arm like the Lord?" ո̰ų ޾Ƶϸ ϴٰ Ѵ. 鿡 Ѹ ϸ, " ̴. ڽ ٸ Ե ʿ䰡 " . ( : ༺ 38 ϸ ̶ ǹԴϴ.) ϰ , ϱ ϴ ִٰ Ȯ ִ. ž .

dzڰ

dz , -(pre-science)ô Ÿٴ ߴ. '(final cause)'( : Ƹڷ (formal cause), (material cause), (efficient cause), (final cause) 4 ٿ (Ȥ ) ؼ ߴ) ߱ϴ , ڿ ϰ ϴ ΰ Ž ε ε Ѵ. η ȭؼ ϴ ( , , ̶ Ϸ ϴ)  ؾ߸ ڿ ̷ ִ. dzڰ ǾҴٴ ְ ִ. ڿǰ ̷, δ ̴.

·ų, dzڰ п Ϻ ̾. ״ ΰ ൿ ڿ иؼ ϴ ϴٰ ʾҴ. ΰ ൿ, ڿ ϴ Ͱ Ȱ, ο ٰؼ Ǿ ϴ ̴. , ΰ ൿ ٲ ŭ ϴ. ΰ ൿ Ȥ ӿ å . ׷, dz ŷиŭ̳ ڿ ʿ ƴϴ. , ڿǴ ŷ ʴ´.

 

: toshijun  


б ڷ

Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives, John Hedley Brooke, The Cambridge History of Science Series (Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 12/15/98

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