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Robert Todd Carroll

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the penile plethysmograph (PPG)

penile plethysmograph (PPG) Ͻ ѷ ȭ ̴. ȿ Ͻ ° þ ְ Ǿִ. 尡 ũ ڷ ġ ִ 迡 Ǿ ִ. ޴ Ͻð ų Ȥ , ̵ Ȥ ȭ Ǵ ̸ ϴ Ҹ ָ, ϴ Ͻ ũ ȭ ȴ. ǻ Ʈ " ڱؿ 󸶳 ߴ° ׷ ׷ش". 8õ޷̸ ó üڽιŰƿ ڽ ̶ ϸ鼭 Դ븦 ؼ ߵ ̴. ׺ī Grand Island Farrall Instruments Inc. ġ Ͽ 1993⿡ 400 븦 ǸϿ κ 40 ֿ ڸ ġϴµ ϰ ִ. Medical Monitoring Systems ġ ϴ ֿ ȸ ϳ̴. ٸ ȸ Ʈ ũ Behavioral Technology Inc. ִ. ̱ Ӹ ƴ϶ ġ ߱, ȫ, 븣, , ο ǰ ִ.

ġ ̷ Dr. Ehgenia Gullick Ʒ Ѵ.

plethysmograph Ÿ Ѵ. 츮 ڰ ϸ Ͻ Ⱑ Ŀٴ¿ ؼ ̶ ˰ ִ. ̰ ϴ 迡 ִ.

Ž⿡ Ǻ Ѵ. 츮 Ǻ 屸 õǾ ִٰ Ͽ Ͽ߸ Ѵ. ׸ ̰ 谡 Ǵ ....

츮 Ͻ Ǯ 츮 Ѵٴ ˰ ִ. ׷Ƿ ϴ Ͱ ſ ̴. (State of North Carolina v. Robert Earl Spence)

̰ ̴. ġ Ͻ Ǯ Ѵ. ׷ κ ڵ ħ ߱ȴٴ ˸ penile engorgement ׻ ϴ ƴϴ. ڵ ȭ 鼭 Ⱑ Ǯ ̶ ˰ ֱ⵵ ϴ. ˺ΰ?  "Ͻ Ǯ , 츮 Ѵ." . 迡  뼺 ְڴ°?

ΰ ó ̹ ߵ ̶ ̴ 󳻰 ڸ ġϴ ̴. ġ aversion therapy ϴ 찡 ִ. aversion therapy Ͻð ׸ ָ鼭 ̳ ðϴ Ͱ ִ. ̷ ġ ȯڵ Ϳ ̸ ϱ ̴. ɸڵ PPG ġ ϱ ؼ Ѵ.

PPG ˻縦 ޴ Ϻ ڵ ̴. PPG -İ ǵ(θ ̵ ߴ ˾ƺ ؼ ߴ.) ϴµ ϱ ؼ Ǿ. ̰ 10ۿ ̿ ٸ ̸ ˸ Ȯϱ ؼ DZ⵵ Ͽ. ʴ Ƹ Ǵн ̸ ״ 谡 ŷμ ϴٰų ̰ ó ִٴ Ϳ ؼ ʾҰ . Old Town ΰ PPG ׽Ʈ źϸ ĸŰٰ 鸸 ؾ߸ ߴ.

ڵ PPG ̿ؼ ָ Ⱦϴ ڵ ̶ ˻ϱ ؼ Ͽ. ׵ 64 ̼ڶ ڸ ʴ 66% 鼭 Ű ʾ ڸ Ⱦϴ ڵ 20% ణ Ű Ÿų Ȥ Ű Ÿ ʾҴ. ׷ ٸ нŰ ʾҴ.

,

ġ ġִ ⿩ ִ κ ִ. װ μ ٽ ٽ 󳻴 ̴. װ REM ⸦ Ͽ ˾Ƴ. μ ٽ ߱Ⱑ ߱ ʴ´. ̰ ۵Ѵ. ̰ ϱ ؼ ǹٴϾ ɸа ⵵ ߴ. (Dave Bunnell, personal correspondence).

츮 ̰踦 ̿ؼ ִ°? Ƹ, ڱؿ ð ̸ ð ѷ ִ. и ̰ Ⱑ ް Ǯ ٰ Ѵ. и ̰ ڵ鿡 ؼ ̰ ü ִ ̳ ε ̵ 踦 ϴ " " ¶ Ѵ. ׷ PPG " ̶ Ҹ ˸ ̶ ̵ ü ְų ̰ ൿ ϴ ϴ ڱؿ ؼ ϴ ߰ߴ. (e.g. Freund, et al, 1972, Behavior Therapy, #6) ׸ ӻ ɸ Dr. Michael Tyson ൿ μ " ̸ ˸ ̿ õ ڱ ־ Ͼ ʴ´" ߴ. ǿ ݴڷμ Dr. Gullick "plethysmograph ̸ ڸ 񱳱ͺϸ 95% Ȯ ִ" ݷߴ. ׷ ٸ " ġ ̿ؼ 3 Ѹ Ǻ ߴ" ߴ. ̰ ġ Ǿ ݵ ʷ δ. ġ ź ȿ ؼ Ǿ penile plethysmography Ŵ "ź ǽɽ " ޾Ƶ鿩 ʰ Ǿ.

Dr. Tyson North Carolina ɸ . ǿ ϱ (ǽ() ) Dr. Gullick ؾѴٴ ״ ޾Ƶ鿩 ׳ penile plethysmograph 뿡 ٰ ̾ ̴. ǰ 5 ¥ ฦ ߴٰ ߵǾ. ״ Dr. Gullick ҷ penile plethysmograph ٰŷ ؼ ٸ ̸ ʴ´ٰ ϰ ߴ. Ƹ ǰ Ű װ ̸ ʾҴٴ Ŷ . ǿ Dr. Gullick plethysmograph ̿ Ϳ ٰؼ ؾ߸ Ѵٰ ȴ. ϱ޹ " ſ ŷڼ ǽɵǸ, ״ ϴٰ ص װ ġ Ǵ Ͱ ؼ ٸ ġ Ǿ ִ" ߴ.

츮 ǽ õ ŷδ plethysmograph ŷڼ ʴ´ٴ ǰ߿ Ѵ. а迡 plethysmograph ̻ ŷڼ ؼ ٺ ٸ ǰ ִ.

̹ ʿ, Dr. Gullick ǰ ǰ ̿ ؼ е ׷Ƿ װ ʾҴٴ ǰ plethysmograph ׽Ʈ ٰŷ Ͽ. plethysmograph ȿ 뼺 ؼ Ϲ ޾Ƶ鿩 ʴ´ٴ , װ Ǵ а迡 ؼ DZ ŷڼ ޾Ƶ鿩 ʴ´ٴ 츮 ǽ ǿ ׵  ǰ Gullick ߴ ʰ Ǵ plethysmograph ٰ µ ׵ 緮 ʾҴٰ Ѵ. (State of North Carolina v. Robert Earl Spencer)

Dr. Tyson 漭 ǿ "Űǰ а迡 plethysmograph ڵ ݴڵ Ϲ plethysmograph ڷ  Ư ൿ ߴ ߴ ϴµ Ǵ Ÿ ٴ Ϲ ޾Ƶδ" ߴ. "

״ "penile , penile plethysmograph ൿ  Ϲȭ ִ ؼ ǰ кϴ" ߴ. ѹ 纸ؼ Dr. Tyson plethysmograph 뼺 ſ ѵȴٰ ߴ. PPG ˸ ų Ȥ ˸ ãƳµ ־ ̻ δ.

׷ ұϰ ġ PPG ׵ ˸ ̻ ̴ ϴµ شٰ ؼ ȸ ִ. ġ PPG ġ α׷ ġᰡ ϷǾ ϴµ ޱ ؼ Ѵ. "̳ Ҹ ǰų ʴ 屸 ִٴ" Ű ٴ Ϳ ؼ ʰ ̷ ִ. ̳ ׸ ϴ ׷ ˸ ٴ и Ŵ . ݴ ̳ ׸ Ͼ ʴ ׷ ˸ ٴ ŵ .

PPG ġ鿡 ߿ ˷ 𸣴 𸥴. PPG ϴ ǻ Ʈ ׽Ͱ ڰ еǴ ڿ ؼ, ڿ ؼ, ̿ ؼ, ο ؼ , 迡 , ƴϸ 迡 ˾Ƴ ׷ ְ Ѵ. ġῡ ġ " " ڰ ġǾٶ ƴϸ ġῡ Ѵٴ Ͱ ǹִ ȭ Ǿٰ ̰Ϳ . ̰ ռ ߴ PPG aversion therapy ϸ鼭 ߰Ǵ ͵̴.

PPG 뿡 ־ Ѱ ġ ڱϱ ؼ ϴ ǥȭ ü ٴ ̴. ġ ġ нŰ ؼ ſ پ Ḧ Ѵ.  ſ , Ǹ ԰ ְų ԰ ִ ̵ Ѵ. ٸ ϴ ϵھ 볪 ҾƼ() ϱ⵵ Ѵ. Դٰ ̻ ൿ ٴ ̴. ġ  ̻󼺿 Ѵٸ ׵ ̻󼺿 ġǾٰ ִ Ƿ° ̻󼺿 ġ ִ ġ ִ. ڷ ǰ ׵ ̻󼺿̶ 忡 ؼ ݴ ִ ġ ƴϸ, ׵鿡 ̻󼺿 ̶ ġѴٴ οǴ ġḦ ź ̴.

ǽɽ 뼺 ݴ븦 ҷ ų  ִ ߱Ǵ ׸ ̴. ׽Ʈ ϴ ǵ Ϻδ  ׷ǿ õ ͵ 忡 ҹ ͵ ִ. 빰 ݴ밡 ͵̴. ų ִ. ̶, Դ,  İ ǰ ̷ ˻縦 ϴ ִ. Ϻ ҿ PPG ൿ ġμ 뼺 ʾ PPG ׽Ʈ Ͽ. ̰ 7 ȸ Ǿ. ȸ ϱ ׵ ο ̴. ̵ ŷ ޾Ƶ̰ Ǵ ų ʿ . ùα ڵ ǰ ϴ ƴϴ.

, , ׸ ٸ Ǵ ߶Ծ ̳ ˸ ִ° ̴. Ǵ ε ͵ ƴϰ ƴϴ. Դٰ еȴٴ 屸 ٴ Ͱ ġϴ ͵ ƴϴ. Ϻ ̳ ϴ ų Ȥ ٳ ԰ų ȭ Դ ִ. ׷ ׵ ϰų Ȥ ѱ׸ ϰ ϰ ; ʴ´. ̼ڵ ׵ ϰ ִ Ϳ 鼭 ׵ ϰ ְų ִ ϰ ִ ƴϴ. ׸ Dr. Tyson Ǵٸ ڵ 󿡴 ߰ ̵鿡 ؼ е ׵ ̿ ϰ ; ʴ. ׸ ̿ ̻󼺿ڵ ߰ ̵ ؼ е ʴ´. ġ а 屸 ϱ , PPG ϴ 屸 ϴ ƴϴ. ׷Ƿ پ 屸 پ ŷ ϴ ̷ ġ wishful thinking ̴. 屸 پٸ 屸 ൿ پ ùٸ ȴٰ ִ. پ Ϸ پٴ Ϳ Ŵ ƴ ̴. Ű 屸 ǹϴ ƴ 屸 ǹϴ ƴ ִ. Դٰ  ˻ε 屸 ൿ ΰ ƴѰ Ѵ.  ׷ ұϰ ˸ ġϴ PPG ɰ ͼ , PPG ˸ ų ʴ Ÿٴ ϴ ŵ .


б ڷ

reader comments

"Debatable Device," Stephen J. Adler, Wall Street Journal, February 3, 1993, p. 1.

Copyright 2000
Robert Todd Carroll

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