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Robert Todd Carroll

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The shroud on display in Rome: get your tickets now!

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shroud of Turin 丮

"All empirical evidence and logical reasoning concerning the Shroud of Turin will lead any objective, rational person to the firm conclusion that the Shroud is an artifact created by an artist in the fourteenth-century." --Steven D. Schafersman 

Face of Jesus?丮 Ǵ, 14 Ʈ, 3.5 Ʈ , ǥ鿡 ̹ ִ. Ǵ ̹ Ǿ , ϳ ü ո̰ ٸ ϳ ޸̸, ߰ Ӹ κ ִ. ̸ ǰ ü ´ٸ, Ӹ ̹ ־ Ѵٰ ϰ ִ. 򰡴 , Ӹ ü ؼ 5% ũ, ũ ұ , ٰ ϰ ִ. ׷ ұϰ ̹ 鿡 ؼ ڰ װƼ ȭ̸ Ǵ 嶼 ǰ ִ. κ ȸڵ ̹ ׷ ̸ ̶ Ѵ. Ǵ Ż 丮 翡 Ǿ ִ.

и Ǹ 丮 Ƿ 16 иϴ. Ǵ ߼ ڱ Ű ߰ߵ ̶ ϸ鼭 丮 뼺 Դ. 1988 Ÿĭ ǿ ؼ ۵ , Ƹ, 3 ϵ , 3 1350 ߼ ̶ Դ. Ǵ 16⿡ ȭ縦 ߴٰ Ѵ. ׷Ƿ ź 650ۿ ʴ ̰ ϴ ̰ ӽù 鸰.

ǰ ǰ̶ Ű ִٰ ϴ ȸǷڵ ̴. װ ǰ̶ ص Ű Ǿ Ƿ 뼺 ϱ⿣ ̴. , ʰ Ÿ ڰ װƼ ȭ̶ ִ. ʰ Ÿ , ϵǾ ִ Ȱ, ϰ ä ¾Ҵٰ ִ. , ȭ ׷ ƴ϶ Ű ̶ ϱ⵵ Ѵ. ȸڵ ̰Ϳ Ǵ ׷ ̸ ǰ̶ Ѵ.

ŷ (the relic trade)

ȸڵ 丮 Ǵ ڵ 縦 ؼ Ȥ ڵ鿡 λ ֱ ؼ ߸ ̶ ϰ ִ. (̿ ޷ 𸶸 16 ߽ õ 𸶸 Ÿٰ ִ.) 丮 ǿ ڼ ̿ ؼ Inquest On The Shroud Of Turin å ڼ Ǿ ״ å ٸ ڵ ߴ. ڴ , ȭ, , , ȭ ŵ ̰ ǰ ƴ϶ ˷شٰ ߴ. Ǵ 14 ׸ 2000 ̹ ƴ϶ ̴.

丮 ǰ ٸ ڴ ̻ ũ̴. ״ Judgment Day for the Shroud of Turin (March 1999) . " Ḧ ߶ õ μ ̹ ܳ ߴ" ̴. Ŀ(red ochre) ĥ, Ҵ ִ ߼ Żƿ θ ̸ ̸, Ÿ ٸ κе ̹ ܳ ߴٴ ̴. Ȳȭ Vermilion ᰡ ̹ ո ׸ ó ̱ ؼ ѷ." ũ ̱ ȭȸ мȭл(Award in Analytical Chemistry) ߴ.

ǰ̶ (the evidence for authenticity)

׷ ̰ ¥ ƴϸ ñ Ž ö󰡸, ̶ ϰ ִ.

ǿ AB ִٰ Ѵ. ׷ 丮 ǿ  ׵ Ȯε ʾҴ. ǰ Ǹ ȴ. 丮 ̴. red ochre vermilion tempera . ¶ų ǿ AB ִٰ ص װ ǿ ο , Ǹ  ̳ Ǹ ٷ ִ. ׷ ǿ  ŵ ʾҴ.

ǿ ɰ , Ĺ ̹ ̽ ߰ߵǴ Ĺ̶ 嵵 ִ. ƺ ٴ(Avinoam Danin)̶ 췽 η Ĺڴ ȸ() Gundelia tournefortii bean cape ɰ縦 ǿ ãҴٰ ߴ. ״ ̷ 췽 ϴٴ ̴. Ϻ Ӹ ð ̷ ȸ() ̶ Ѵ. ׷ ٴ ü ˻ ƴϴ. ɰ ÷ ǿ ٿ  ̴. ɰ ó ־. ̴ ¥ Ʋ ϱ ǰ̶ ߴ ̴. Ƹ ɰ ü װ ̴ ƴϸ ٸ Ⱑ Ե װ ϰ ִ. (Nickell, Shafersman).

ٴ(Danin) Uri Baruch ǿ ̹ ߰ߵǴµ ̽󿤿 ִ ̶ ߴ. ׷ ׵ ̹ ſ ִ ̶ ƿ ̳ 𸶸ƻ ̴. ó 迡 ãƳ ũ Ư¡ ãƺµ ɸڿ. (Nickell, 1994)

ٴ Ÿִ ٸ (the Sudarium of Oviedo in Spain) 2 ɰ簡 AB ߰ߵȴٰ ϰ ִ. ٴѿ ϸ ٸ the Sudarium of Oviedo8 ߴٰ ϾǷ ǰ 8 иϴٰ ߴ. õ ħñ⿡ ڿ ߰ߵ Ͼ. ̰ 1075 ڸ ߰ߵǾٰ Ѵ. ׷ 丮 ǿ ߰ߵ ʾұ ٴ ɰ ϱ ̷ ׷ ̴.

·ų, Ȥ 췽 ó ߰ߵȴٴ ɰ ǹ̴ . ⿡ ۵ ƴ϶ ص ɰ װ ٷ 鿡 ؼ ִ. ؼ ɰ Żƿ ǰ Ÿ ̳ Ŀ 췽 ɰ簡 ִ. ׷Ƿ ɰ Ű Ǵ ƴϴ.

Դٰ, ü õ 2 Ѵٴ ǰ ǰ̶ ȭŰ ƴ϶ ȭŲ. Ƕ ϴ õ ƴ°? ¥ ڰ , ¾ ¤, 뷮 Ǿڴ°? Żƿ ο ִ õ鿡 ɰ ߰ߵǾٴ ΰ ϴٴ Ű Ƿ Ŵ и ƴϴ. ׷ ̷ ŵ ̶ ̰ ̵ õ ü Ҵ ̶ 忡 ణ ̴.

unraveling the weave

õ ʰ ̶ . ̶ Ծ Ͱ ״ 谡 ־ ʴ´. Hal Nelson ֱ " õ º 27忡 ڶ ˷ Arimathea Joseph ̶ Ѵ.  (The weave of Turin is herring bone; the weave of Oviedo is taffeta, proving, I suppose, that Jesus had disciples of all types, even AB.) ( : Ϲ ؼ δ Ǵ Ϲ õ̾ Ƚ̶ ü óϱ ؼ 밭 ߴٰ Ѵ. Ư ġ Ǿ Ÿ.)

̹ 6Ʈ ũ̴. /ڴ ̰ ̺ ̶ Ȯϱ⵵ Ѵ. δ ̰͸ پ 뵵 ̴. ڵ鿡 ǰ Ư ǹ̸ Ǵ ǰ ǰ̶ ŵ ƴ϶ õ ̹ ٴ ų̴. Ȱߴٴ ǹϰ, ̶ ִ ֵȴ.

Just another relic?

丮 ǿ ִ κ ϴڵ ȸǷڵ 򰥸 ϴ Ѵٴ ̴. ٴ Ĺ ̹ ɰ 1998⿡ ߴ. ̰ 1997 ɰ翡 ̾. ״ 1998 翡 Ŵ ǰ ٵ иϴٰ ߴ. Traci Angel AP ٴ "Ĺ и 췽 ֺ "̶ οϰ ִ. ǽ Ĺ ɰ翡 Ұ Ͼ. ġ װ ߿ ó. ǰ 췽 ° װ ü ´ص ٴ ΰ? װ ڿ Ƴٴ ϴ°? ׷ ʴ´.  ڿ Ƴٴ ϴ ſ ƴϴ. ֳϸ ڿ ǻ Ұϱ ̴. ž ̷ ִ.  ϴÿ ִٰ ( ϴ÷ 鸮 ÷) ̷ £ ͵̴.  ŵ ̸, ƹ ӴϿ ¾ ٴ . ׷Ƿ پ ڵ , , ð, â, , ó, ̹ Ǹ Ÿ ص ̰͵  ͵ ׵ žӿ ոȭ Ѵ.

õ ׸ : faith and miracles.


б ڷ

reader comments

McCrone, Walter. Judgment Day for the Shroud of Turin (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1999).

Joe Nickell, Inquest On The Shroud Of Turin (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1987).

Joe Nickell, "Pollens on the 'Shroud': A study in deception," Skeptical Inquirer, Summer 1994.

Joe Nickell, Looking For A Miracle: Weeping Icons, Relics, Stigmata, Visions and Healing Cures (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1993).

Copyright 2000
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 11/07/00

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