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The Sokal Hoax, Į

з ? ڸ Ż(deconstruction)  뵿 ִٴ ϴ ̽ Ĵ. ܺ ϸ 迡 ϸ ߰ϴ å ϴ ̴. --Allan Sokal

Ҽ ؽƮ 1996 / ȣ(pp. 217-252) а ˶ Į " ħ : ߷ ؼ Ͽ" Ƿִ. Į ϸ (a)׷ ϰ ̰ (b) ̳ 信 ƺϴ ̾ ȭ ο Ǿ ˾ƺ ٰ̾ Ѵ. Ƿȴ. ͵ Ҽ ؽƮ ε ʾҴ.

Į ׵ ɽ ãƺ, پٸ ̰ ù з ˾Ƴ ̶ Ѵ. ڴ  ̱ м ι ο и ϴ Ϳ ؼ Ȥ ٰ Ѵ. ̷ ̾.

Į " ִ  post-Enlightenment б  ׸" Ѵ. ׸ ̿ؼ ܺ ڿ ڿ Ģ ҿϰ ۿ ٰ Ѵ.

Į " 'reality' ȸ  ʶ ߴ." Ӹ ƴ϶ ״ .

ļ, ڵ̳ ڵ߿ ̰  ϰ ̰ .  , - ̻ Ʈ 巹ũ ̴. - ߷ ÷ ̷ Ұ ̶ ߴ. ̷ â ̴. 巹ũ ̷ ʾҴ. IJ źм ̷ ֱ ۾ ؼ Ȯ Ǿٰ ܾߴ. ڵ̶ ü ̷  źма ִ Ǿ ̴; ̷ ϴ ո ϳ ʾҴ.

ϸ, ̶ ɷ ִ Ǵ (Ǵ а ϴ л) ̶ ̰ з ֵ ǵ . Ҽ ؽƮ ڵ ؼ ִ  Ե ڹ Ϸ ʰ ڹп ƴµ ʾ ϴ.

̷ ڿ ڿ Ǿٰ ϴ ߰ߵ ִ. ׷ Į ι پ ڵ鿡 ؼ Ǵ Ǹ ο ̷ؼ ȴٰ ߴ. ״ Ư ?

Į ġ Ҽ ؽƮ 峭 ߴ. Į̳ Ҽ ؽƮ ġδ Į İ "epistemic relativism." å ִٰ ߴ. ״ и ĵ ϴ (reality)̶ ȸ ̶ 信 ȭ ̴. Դٰ, Ĵ "ڱ й ȭ  ܺο ո (Ȥ )ϰ ־." ׷, Į ο "epistemic relativism" "ȸ " ϰ , ׷ ϱ װ ׵ ̳ ִüϴ ۿ ٴ ˾Ҵ.

ɿ ϰ ִٰ ϱ⵵ Ѵ. ּ ϴ о ɻߴ. ó ڵ Ȯߴ.

׷ , Į  츮 ϰ ϰ ִ Ͱ õ 뿡 ؼ 츮 󸶳 ⸸ϴ ְ ִ(Gilovich). 츮 ϴ Ϳ ؼ, 츮 ϴ ؼ ſ ȴ. ̷ Ȯ ȸг ι Ӹ ƴ϶ ڵ鿡 ģ.

õ ׸ : communal reinforcement, confirmation bias, selective thinking, self-deception, subjective validation, and wishful thinking.


б ڷ

Gilovich, Thomas. How We Know What Isn't So: The Fallibility of Human Reason in Everyday Life (New York: The Free Press, 1993).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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