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Robert Todd Carroll

 the truth is in here!

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spiritualism (a.k.a. spiritism), ɷ (spiritismε ˷)

ΰ ΰ(human personality) ü Ŀ Ƴ, ΰ Ͽ ִٰ ϴ ų̴. ɷ  1848⿡ ȸ, ڸſ Ͽ ۵ƴ. ڸŴ ̺ ε帮 Ҹ ȥ Ѵٰ ߴ. (̷ εθ Ҹ δ ߰ ̿ؼ Ҹ. ) ڸŰ 30 Ŀ ٰ̾ , Ű ȸ , Ҹ ų, ƹ͵ ̰ų, ϰų, ̺ ų, ü ϴ μ ̰ ־. Ŵ õ û, telekinesis ڷĽ ̸ , ʴɷ Ͽ . ɷ , ˷ 1920 پ ʾ, ĵ ̳ ̶ ϼ ִ ŵ Ӽ ϸ鼭 پ Ǿ.

渮 ȭ ȸ Ȯ ̴. , ̺ ѷɾ, ο 濡 , Ŵ ư濡 ó 䳻. ׸ ȥ ˰ԵǾٴ Ѵ. δ ̺ ų, ⹦ Ҹ ų, ⵵ Ѵ. 鿡 ־ ɷǴ, ̽ Ե , 迡 " "̴.

õ ׸ : channeling and James Van Praagh.

б ڷ

Houdini, Harry. A Magician Among the Spirits (New York: Harper, 1924).

Houdini, Harry. Miracle Mongers and Their Methods: a Complete Expose (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1981). * Free online!

Keene, M. Lamar. The Psychic Mafia (Prometheus, 1997).

Randi, James. An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural (N.Y.: St. Martin's Press, 1995).

Randi, James. Flim-Flam! (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books,1982).

Rawcliffe, Donovan Hilton. Occult and Supernatural Phenomena(New York: Dover Publications, 1988).

Stein, Gordon. "Spiritualism," in The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal edited by Gordon Stein (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1996).

Tanner, Amy. Studies in Spiritism (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1994).

Copyright 1998
Robert Todd Carroll

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Last updated 11/23/98

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