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Robert Todd Carroll

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Charles Tart, ð ŸƮ

" ؼ ϴ ᱹ 亯 𸥴ٴ ̴." ----ð ŸƮ

ðŸƮ Ph.D., ɸ ڻ(뽺 Ķѷ̳ , 1963) ʽɸڷ, ڰ, ƽƮ , LSD, ȭ ESP θ ˷. ״ ĶϾ ָ ̺ ķ۽ ɸа ȷ 信 ִ ʰ ɸ (Institute of Transpersonal Psychology) Ͽ, ׹ٴ п ιƮ ۷ο찡 "ǽĿ ۷ο (Chair of Consciousness Studies) Ŀŧ ϱ ؼ ϳ ´. ڿ ⸦ ϴ  ź ۷ο, , , ָ, üŻ, ڷĽ, ׸ л ׻  ๰ 'ȭ ǽ (altered states of consciousness)' ġ  ϱ ؼ  400̳ 󽺺 ׹ٴ п ߴ. (1971, ŸƮ ' ߵ: ȭ ߵ ɸ ' å .)

ʱ⿡ ŸƮ ɸ 'ȭ ǽ (Altered States of Consciousness, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 1969) ߰, (article) ̱⵵ ϴ. ŸƮ 'ȭ ǽ (ASC)' ۿ ȭ иϰ ϰ ִ. ൿ Ǹ ϴ ؼ ϱ⵵ Ѵ. "ASC S ൿ ٺ ٸ ൿ( ) ϸ Ÿ, ̴. ŸƮ 䰡 ASC ε帮 ־ 'ȭ ǽ ' źϰų ̰ ϰų ִٰ Ͼ. ŸƮ ־ 'ȭ ǽ ' ʻ̸ ǽ Ա̴.  

ŸƮ ָ鿡 'ȭ ' ִٰ "ȣ ̶ָ ο ָ õ ȯ (Psychedelic Experiences Associated with a Novel Hypnotic Procedure, Mutual Hypnosis.)" ̻ϰ ָ ʸ ϳ ϰ ִ. ʽɸ ɰ 巯 ִ. Ʈ A,B Ҹ 2 Ȥ Ss Ǿ ִ. *note ŸƮ A B ָ ɰѴ. ָ ɸ, ָ¿ B A ָ Ǵ. ׷, ٽ A B ָ鿡 Ѵ. ׸ ٽ B A ָ鿡 ϸ, ̷ Ѵ. ŸƮ "־ S ؼ װ Ǵ ָ ̴ ϴ" ߴ. ״ S ָ ̸ S Ư (en rapport) ̰ ν ָ ̸ ų ִ° ˾ƺ ߴ. (en rapport ܾ ׻ ش.) 'Ư (Rapport)' "ָ Ŵ S ̿ ϴ Ư " ǵȴ. ŸƮ " 'Ư ' ָ ¿ ִ밡 ȴٸ 'Ư ' Ű ָ ̸ ų ̶ ߷ߴ." ִ(292). ŸƮ " 2 S ٰϰ , ׵ ſ ̹Ƿ ȣ ָ鿡 ؼ ְ ִ." ȴ(307). ״ ȣ ָ " ʰ Ͱ ؼ ǿ Ű(ȯ Ű) , ׸ 𸥴." ߴ(308).

ŸƮ  ؼ װ ʻ Ǿ° ̿ ij 㿡 Ʒ ߴ.  

 ʻ ؼ ȸ̾. ׷ ߿ ִٰ Ȯ ̻ ̾. Ⱓ̾. ĶϾ Ŭ ־ ð ٹ ߴ.... ϴ   ׳㵵 ʰԱ ߴ. ׳ . ׷, ׳ ſ ؼ Դ...."׳ ῡ ׳డ ڱ ȹٷ ɾִµ, Ͼ . ׳ Ͼ ٰ ߴ. ħ뿡 â Ȥ ۿ ִ Ĵٺҽϴ. ٽ â ƿ µ ڱ â ݷϰ Ƚϴ. ϴ. ħ ư, ħ , ϴ." ī ױ ź 谡 ߴ. ̰ ״ ī ױ . ߷ ü ð Ȱ 300 ߴ.... ׳ ߿ ׾ ־ٰ ߴ. ü  ׳డ ڱ ǰ, ħ뿡 ij â ״ - 35̳ İ Ŭ ޵ǰ â ϱ? (Randi 1992)

̾߱⸦ ӽ ʻ̶ ƹ . Ĵ ⸦ ĵ ӵ ٸ. 35̸ 8ʰ ̰ . Ƹ ä ῡ 8 ڿ â ̴. ׳ ŸƮ â Ͼٰ , ׳ ˷ Ģ ٰ ߴ. ׷ ׵ ˷ Ģ ִ ̴.

ŸƮ Ѷ "EPS ΰ ؿ ؼ ϰ ִ ʹ ũ, ϰ ſ Ǹ ʿϴ" (New York Review , 1981 2 19). ׷, ŸƮ ٸ ʽɸڵ ù ° ȭϰ, ° 忡 ˸´ ൿ ϱ⿣ ʹ ̾ϴ(Randi 1982, 153; Gardner 1981, 211).

* note : ( : Ss ǥǾ ִ ϴ. "S п (subject) Ÿ ǥ̴. ϱ ʽɸڵ S ٸ S ϱ 迡 ̷ ʹ ʿ䰡 ٰ ϴ . S ٸ SԼ ̴. ׷ 2 ִٸ ׵ A B θ ̴." ϸ鼭 ڰ ߽ϴ. ׸ ̻ Ǿϴ.) *ǵư

 

See related entry on Raymond Moody.

õ ׸ : astral projection, esp, hypnosis, Raymond Moody, paranormal (where there is a very telling anecdote about Tart) and parapsychology.

б ڷ

Gardner, Martin. Science: Good, Bad and Bogus (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1981).

Gordon, Henry. Extrasensory Deception: Esp, Psychics, Shirley MacLaine, Ghosts, Ufos  (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1987).

Hansel, C.E.M. The Search for Psychic Power: ESP and Parapsychology Revisited (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1989).

Hyman, Ray. The Elusive Quarry : a Scientific Appraisal of Psychical Research (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1989).

Randi, James. Flim-Flam! (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books,1982).

Marks, David F. "The Case Against the Paranormal," Fate, January 1989, reprinted as "Paranormal Phenomena Can Be Explained," Paranormal Phenomena/ Opposing Viewpoints (San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1991).

Copyright 2000
Robert Todd Carroll

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